The article describes the history of the origin of the theory of legal argument in the philosophy of Ancient Greece, reveals the preconditions and reasons for its appearance and development. The analysis of sophistry and its influence on the practice of legal argumentation in ancient legal proceedings, the contribution of Plato and Aristotle to the formation of general theoretical foundations of reasoning, in particular, in logic and rhetoric, as well as their further development and perfection in Roman law (based on the views of Cicero and Seneca of the Elder).
The covering of scientific controversy is considered as the specifics of scientific journalism. The author considers controversy of the subjects of media texts on science as one of the important ways to highlight the conflicts in journalistic materials. Effective presentation of scientific controversial information in the media serves as a reserve and an instrument for 23 the development and support of interest in science, promotion of scientific knowledge among the general public, and increasing of scientific media literacy.