UKRAINIAN ARCHITECTURAL MODERNISM OF 1955-1991

SA.
2020;
: 63-71
Authors:
1
Natonal University ”Lviv Polytechnic” Department of Architecture and Conservation

The article is dedicated to preconditions and features of the development of the architecture of Soviet or socialist modernism of 1955-1991 in Ukraine. During this difficult period for the development of architecture, in the conditions of the party-state ideological dictate, buildings and structures were created, which are valuable works of art, architectural monuments of their time and are part of the world architectural heritage of the second part of 20th century.

Nowadays, these buildings are being actively reconstructed, rebuilt, their original appearance is being lost, and they are often demolished. There is a great risk of losing the architecture of this historic period. Therefore, it is important to recognize its value, to attract the attention of the public, experts, authorities to the preservation of this architecture.

Modernizm w Gminnej Ewidencji Zabytków. Nowe warszawskie wpisy. “Architektura-Murator”. 18.10.2019. [online] Available at: <https://architektura.muratorplus.pl/wydarzenia/modernizm-w-gminnej-ewidencji-zabytkow-nowe-warszawskie-wpisy_10164.html>

Soviet Modernism 1955-1991. [online] Available at: <https://www.azw.at/en/articles/collection/soviet-modernism-1955-1991/>

Frederic Chauben. СССР. Cosmic Communist Construction Photographed. TASCHEN. 2011. – 312 p. ISBN 978-3-8365-2519-0

Architecture of Lviv. Time and styles 13 – 21th c. /Under scientific redaction by Yu. Biriuliov.- Lviv: Tsentr Europy, 2008. 720 p.: 1396 illus.

Baziuk Taras. Apple tycoon will construct the skyscraper on the place former cinema “Halychyna” in Lviv. 15.09.2017. [online] Available at: <http://tvoemisto.tv/news/yabluchnyy_magnat_zvede_hmarochos_na_mistsi_kinoteatru_galychyna_u_lvovi_88554.html>

General history of architecture. T. ХІІ (Kniga 1). Tsentralnyi nauchn.-isslied. i-t tieorii i istorii arkhitiektury. – Moskva. Izdatielstvo litieratury po stroitielstvu. 1975. – 756 p.

Grytsenko Yevhen. Modern utopia: Kyiv and architecture of Soviet Modernism.  18.02.2015. [online] Available at: <platfor.ma/magazine/text-sq/pb/soviet modernism> 

Dudina Rita. One else modernism relic will be destroyed in Kyiv – Covered swimming pool of Olympic reserve. “Khmarochos”. 30.01.2019. [online] Available at: <https://hmarochos.kiev.ua/2019/01/30/u-kiyevi-znesut-shhe-odnu-pam-yatku-modernizmu-kritiy-baseyn-olimpiyskogo-rezervu/>

History and future of Cherkasy unfinished. Stories of buildings that have been abandoned for decades. 10.10. 2017. [online] Available at: < https://hromadske.ck.ua/istoriya-j-majbutnye-cherkaskyh-nedobudov/>

Kolomiets M.S. Problems of formation of modern architecture of the Ukrainian SSR. Kyiv. 1973.

Lutska Veronika. Modernism Architecture: Where Did Kyiv Designers Get Inspired? “Khmarochos”. 26.02.2018. [online] Available at: <https://hmarochos.kiev.ua/2018/02/26/arhitektura-modernizmu-de-cherpali-nathnennya-kiyivski-proektuvalniki/

Smolenska S.O. The architecture of avant-garde modernism in Ukraine: Genesis and heritage. Thesis for a Doctor of Architecture degree. Kharkiv: 2017. – 447 p.

Mistoproekt gave a negative review on the reconstruction of Lviv bus station. 06.02.2009 [online]  Available at: <https://zik.ua/news/2009/02/06/mistoproekt_dav_negatyvnu_retsenziyu_na_rekonstruktsiyu_lvivskogo_168634>

Minutes No. 6 of the meeting of the Architectural and Urban Planning Board at the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning of the Lviv City Council of 13.09.2007.  [online] Available at: <https://city-adm.lviv.ua/lmr/plenary-town-planning-council>

Minutes No. 1 of the meeting of the Architectural and Urban Planning Board at the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning of the Lviv City Council of 03.02.2009. [online] Available at: <https://city-adm.lviv.ua/lmr/plenary-town-planning-council>

Khengistov Volodymyr. As planned to demolish the "plate" in Libidska. “Khmarochos”. 20.10.2017. [online] Available at: < https://hmarochos.kiev.ua/2017/10/20/yak-planuvali-znositi-tarilku-na-libidskiy/>

Slieptsov O.S. Architectural and construction concept of development of Kyiv National University of Civil Engineering and Architecture. Architekturnyi Visnyk KNUCA, vol. 2 (2014), p. 321-378

Smolenska S.O. The architecture of avant-garde modernism in Ukraine: Genesis and heritage. Thesis for a Doctor of Architecture degree. Kharkiv: 2017. – 447 p.

Sokolovskyi Z. Architects of Soviet Ivano-Frankivsk. Ivano-Frankivsk: “Lileya-NV”: 2014. - 108 p.

Cherkes Bohdan, Linda Svitlana, Bohdanova Yulia. National University ” Lviv Polytechnic”: architectural atlas. – Lviv: Vydavnytsvo ” Lviv Polytechnic”, 2014. - 200 p.

Natalia Chmutina. The life and creative journey of the architect / Compiled by Elena Maznichenko. Institute of Contemporary Art of NAM Ukraine; National Academy fine arts and architecture. - K .: Adef-Ukraine, 2012. - 300 p .; 285 illus.

Shevchenko Lev. Monsters of modernism: modernist buildings at risk. “Khmarochos”. 23.05.2016. [online] Available at: <https://hmarochos.kiev.ua/2016/05/23/monstri-modernizmu-modernistski-sporudi-pid-zagrozoyu/>