Innovative thinking as a factor of the public governance development

Lviv Polytechnic National University

Problem setting. An essential feature of Ukrainian nowadays is the process of reforming Ukrainian society, which includes the necessity for conscious planning of the process of modernization and rational substantiation of its irreversibility and civilization. Democratic modernization is characterized by a qualitatively higher level of freedom of all subjects of social-power relations, provides real competition of concepts, programs and projects. Competitive preconditions for development include open discourse and the production of new ideas, extraordinary decisions and approaches. Therefore, the development of public administration and, ultimately, of society as a whole, is largely determined by the possibilities of implementing innovative thinking.

Recent research and publications analysis of the mentioned problem has been carried out in the context of consideration of personal qualities of representatives of public governance, where the issue of innovative thinking is a key and determinant for the prospects of the social development. It is widely highlighted in contemporary foreign literature (M. Weber, J. Habermas, B. Gurne) and in the national literature (O. Bahrim, L. Kotyk, V. Oluiko, O. Prodius, I. Romanchuk and others).

Highlighting previously unsettled parts of the general problem. The works of these authors raise important aspects of the development of public governance and the importance for it of innovative thinking. However, there is a need to disclose the essence of the innovative thinking of participants in public governance as an intellectual resource of successful activity and a mean of modernizing society. This general objective of the article corresponds to a number of tasks to be solved, in particular, to demonstrate the specific forms of influence of innovative thinking on the modernization of public governance.

Paper main body. The article reveals real prerequisites for the modernization of modern society, in particular, the expansion of the circle of active participants in administrative processes and subjects of innovative attitude to existing realities. Therefore, the management practice of solving issues with the necessity includes an individual approach and a special (every time new) attitude to the situation. Under these conditions, ensuring the effectiveness of managerial decisions and all public governance should be based on a creative approach as an implementation of innovative thinking.

The content of innovative thinking is clarified by defining the essence of thinking as an attributive function of a person, which necessarily extends to the specifics of managerial activity. Thinking is defined as a reflection – the logical activity of the correlation of one subject of thought with another, or their mutual mediation. Reflection is multidimensional, it can relate to the discovery of the content of various aspects of the activity, for example, the motive and purpose, purpose and means, results and goals, resources and obstacles, etc.

In the structure of public management, innovative thinking plays the role of the driving force of modernization or the main mean for producing a new social reality. As a special kind of reflection, it correlates the general regulatory norms with the practical situation, takes into account the set of other faces and as a result is designed in a specific, synthetic and original solution to a particular task. Innovative thinking performs a number of functions, forms both new theoretical concepts of reality and practical models of its real changes.

Conclusions of the research and prospects for further studies. Thus, innovative thinking is considered as an effective factor for the development of public governance, since it forms the content of theoretical and practical modernizations, produces new projects and development programs. In public administration, it focuses on the continuous modernization of social-power relations, expansion of the objects of reformation and implementation of the capabilities of its subjects. The prospects for further research are to highlight the peculiarities of the formation of innovative thinking, to specify its connection with other productive opportunities of the subject of social and managerial changes and in detailing the process of implementing innovative projects.

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