Establishing the environmentally safe width of protective riparian zone along water bodies
Received: February 27, 2018
Revised: November 22, 2018
Accepted: December 20, 2018
Lviv polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Politechnic National University

Aim. Establishing protective riparian zonesalong the riversides of the Shopurka river inside water protection zones at the territory of urban settlement Velykyy Bytchkiv for protecting surface water bodies from polluting and littering, as well as for saving their water content. The aim of the research is determining the safe protective riparian zonesof water bodies taking into account ecological factors. Methods. The research methodology consists in using the algorithm of determining the width of the protective riparian zone, which enables providing the science-baseddetermination of the width of the protective riparian zone of the water body depending on the types of sylva, granulometric composition of soils, slope expositionand type of soil treatment. Results. The proposed method of determining the optimal width of protective riparian allows justifying the topicality and necessity of its application. For the given river, the width of protective riparian has been determined according to the requirements of Water code of Ukraine and calculated in accordance with formula (1). It will allow the elimination of ambiguity of the determining the width of the protective riparian by the calculations made by the representatives of local water economy with the use of Water code of Ukraine and will facilitate the univocal determining the areas of protective riparian zones. Scientific topicality. Realization of the method of determining the width of the protective riparian according to the proposed algorithm and actual legal documents has shown that the aberration of the protective riparian along the river Shopurka is equal to 20 m. The area of the protective riparian according to the Water code equals 1.82 ha, but according to formula (1) is equal to 3.29 ha. Therefore, the total area of the protective riparian zone should be expandedby 1.47 ha. Practical importance. Determined area and boundaries of the protective riparian zones along the river Shopurka (Zakarpatsky region) will enable the systematic monitoring of the use of riparian soils to be conducted and facilitate the improvement of ecological and sanitary state of the river.

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