Monitoring of geodynamic processes in the Tysa river basin using AUTEL EVO II PRO RTK UAV

Uzhhorod National University, SO «Zakarpatgeodezcentre»
Lviv Polytechnic National University
State Enterprise "Zakarpatheodezcentr"
Department of Urban Construction and Management, Uzhhorod National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University

The aim of this work. This article is devoted to the study of geodynamic processes in the Tysza River basin within the Transcarpathian region with an analysis of geodetic observations obtained over the past decade. Method. Karst monitoring began with the identification of the most dangerous areas of the earth's surface that are subject to vertical displacements. After the detection of the most dangerous areas the local geodetic monitoring was carried out at facilities within the urban settlement to prevent possible accidents: Solotvyno, Dilove and Bila Tserkva. A collection of archival aerial photography was also used to develop a methodology for identifying changes in landscapes and landforms under the influence of geodynamic processes. Results. UAVs were used to remove karsts. On the basis of digital aerial photography data were created: orthophotos and digital terrain models. Digital aerial photography was carried out in accordance with the requirements of regulatory documents. To determine the dynamics of landslides and karst the digital aerial photography must be repeated several times at certain intervals. Aerial photography work was carried out in two stages in 2020 and 2021 Contour points were selected for identification marks. They are recognized on aerial photography and the terrain with an accuracy of at least 0.1 mm on the scale of the created plan. Mathematical processing of geodetic GPS measurements was performed using Trimble Geomatics Office software. After photogrammetric processing, the quality control of the obtained results was performed and digital surface models using DEM and TIN methods. Orthophotomaps on a scale of 1:1000 were made from raster images of aerial photographs, taking into account the created digital terrain model. There is a need for monitoring work to update information on the state of modern karst formations and areas with exogenous processes in Solotvyno and Bila Tserkva, Tyachiv district and the village Dilove, Rakhiv district, Transcarpathian region. The technology of topographic and geodetic works with the use of UAVs and GPS measurements in mountainous areas has been developed and tested. The results of aerial photography were used to visualize the study objects and to convey information regarding the deformation processes to local governments. For processes of natural or man-made nature (displacement, landslides, karst) requires the development of individual approaches to the use of UAVs. With the mass use of UAV images, a data bank is formed, which cannot be obtained by other methods. The study made it possible to create the method of complex determination of movements in exogenous and technogenic areas in mountainous areas with the use of the latest technologies. It allows quick establishing a plan-altitude basis of the required accuracy in the reference coordinate system in solving a number of applied geodesy problems using satellite technologies and UAVs for observations by objects.

  1. Burshtynska, Hr., Babushka, A, & Galochkin, M. (2020). Modeling of hydrological processes using ARCGIS GIS and HEC-RAS module. Geodesy, cartography and aerial photography, 91, 28-40.
  2. Diakiv V. (2012). Patterns of development of technogenically activated salt karst in the process of flooding mines No. 8 and No. 9 of the Solotvino salt mine. Geography. No. 9. (in Ukrainian).
  3. Requirements for technical and technological support of performers of topographic-geodesic and cartographic works. Ministry of Agrarian Policy 2014-02-11 No. 65. (in Ukrainian).
  4. Instructions for topographic survey at scales 1:5000, 1:2000, 1:1000 and 1:500. 1998-04-08 №56. (in Ukrainian).
  5. Instructions on the procedure for control and acceptance of topographic-geodetic and cartographic works. Ukrgeodezkartografiya, No. 19 February 17, 2000. (in Ukrainian).
  6. Information yearbook on the activation of dangerous exogenous geological processes according to EGP monitoring data - Kyiv, State Service of Geology and Subsoil of Ukraine, State Research and Production Enterprise "State Information Geological Fund of Ukraine", 2020. 104 p. (in Ukrainian).
  7. Kalynych, I., Kablak, N., & Skakandi, S. (2017). The dynamics of the development of landslide processes in the territory of the Transcarpathian region Kyiv: Urban planning and territorial planning, 64, 535-543. (in Ukrainian).
  8. Classifier of information displayed on digital topographic plans at scales 1:500, 1:1000, 1:2000 and 1:5000. Ukrgeodescartography, 2010. (in Ukrainian).
  9. Basic provisions for creating topographic plans at scales 1:5000, 1:2000, 1:1000 and 1:500. Ukrgeodescartography. 1994-01-23 №3
  10. World Bank project "Issuance of state acts on the right of ownership of land in rural areas and the development of the cadastre system", 2010. (in Ukrainian).
  11. Technical report on the implementation of work on topographic survey, updating and preparation for publication of maps at a scale of 1:10,000, State Enterprise "Zakarpatgeodeztsentr", 2010. (in Ukrainian).
  12. Shekhunova, S., Aleksieienkova, M., & Stadnichenko, S. (2019). Regularities of development of natural and natural-man-caused dangerous geological processes and the territory of the town of Solotvino (Transcarpathia, Ukraine). Collection of scientific works of IGN NAS of Ukraine. 12, 70-83. (in Ukrainian).
  13. Symbols for topographic plans at scales 1:5000, 1:2000, 1:1000, 1:500. 2000-02-28. (in Ukrainian).
  14. Аutel EVO II Pro RTK Rugged Bundle (2021)
  15. Stupar, D., Rošer, J., & Vulić M. (2020).  Investigation of unmanned aerial vehicles-based photogrammetry for large mine subsidence monitoring,” Minerals, 10 (2)
  16. Tarot 680 PRO (2020)