The paper describes the phenomenology of fuel rod behaviour in severe accident. As an example, an experiment is described resulting in severe damage of 19 fuel rod assembly of VVER type; it was carried out in the CORA facility in 1993 (Research Centre, Karlsruhe, Germany). Testing conditions and results of post-test investigations of fuel assembly are given. The fuel rod code RAPTA-SFD is briefly dealt with; the code was a participant in the International Standard Problem ISP-36. The basic results are presented acquired by computer modelling CORA-W2 experiment using RAPTA-SFD code. Among the presented experimentally acquired and calculated results, the scope of the data on stainless steel component behaviour is substantial. The tested CORA-W2 fuel assembly contained a significant quantity of steel components, viz., spacer grids, a guide thimble, and a cladding of an absorber element. It is to be borne in mind that the spacer grids and a guide thimble of the updated and upgraded fuel assembly of VVER-1000 are fabricated from Zr-alloy, hence, the relative quantitative characteristics of chemical interactions between materials and stainless steel (Cr-Ni alloy) will be much lower for the up-to-date upgraded fuel assembly under identical conditions.
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