Engineering-geological zoning as a scientific-methodical basis for scheme’s development of engineering-construction assessment (on the example of Irpin town Kyiv region)
Received: October 02, 2022
Design Institute of Security Service of Ukraine
Ukrainian State Scientific Research Institute of Cities’ Design “DIPROMISTO»

The article is aimed at conducting the engineering-construction assessment of Irpin town of Kyiv region. It is based on the engineering-geological zoning of the settlement, which provides the allocation of different-level taxonomic units with a set of natural and anthropogenic factors of construction conditions from the largest unit (engineering-geological region) to the smallest (sites and subsites). Engineering and geological surveying and mapping became the main research methods. The main result of the study was a comprehensive comparison of data on the geomorphological, geological-genetic structure, hydrogeological conditions, soils’ composition and properties of Irpin. It ultimately provided an opportunity to build a large-scale synthetic map of engineering-geological zoning and engineering- construction assessment of the town. The study identified eleven engineering-geological sites with appropriate characteristics of natural and anthropogenic factors of  construction conditions factors, including have been identified, among which six sitesare unfavorable for construction. The scientific novelty of the above research lies in the application of engineering-geological zoning as a basis for engineering-construction assessment, which is not limited to the selection of planning restrictions of an engineering-geological nature. For the first time the novel method of engineering-geological subsites’ selection is based on the principle of taking into account natural hazards and morphometric characteristics of the relief. They reflect the degree of erosion dissection, potential for the of modern relief-forming processes’ manifestation and soil erosion. The practical aspect of the conducted research consists in creating a high-quality scheme of engineering-construction assessment, supplementing the scheme of existing planning restrictions, selecting optimal and economically justified measures for engineering preparation and territories’ protection against dangerous geological processes. Engineering-geological zoning allows you to determine safe places for the accomodation of engineering structures, their structural features, choose rational types of foundations, reduce the cost of survey and construction work and generally improve the design’s quality.

  1. Akter, S., Ekram Ali, R., Karim, S., Khatun, M., Alam, M. (2018). Geomorphological, geological and engineering geological aspects for sustainable urban planning of Mymensingh city, Bangladesh. Open Journal of Geology 8, 737-752.
  2. Al Solami, A., Al Barakati, G., Sayed, A. S. Al Bahloul, S., Al Tunsi, B. (2006). Engineering geological mapping of the holy city of Makkah Al Mukarramah, Saudi Arabia. 10 th IAEG International Congress - Engineering geology for tomorrow's cities, 552, 1-10.
  3. Alekseev Y. N. Engineering and geological zoning of the Kyiv region for reclamation construction. Kyiv: Budivelnyk, 1980. 128 p. (in Russian).
  4. Barshchevskiy, M. E., Kuprash, R. P., Shvydkyy, Y. M. (1989). Geomorphology and relief-forming deposits of the Kyiv region. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 178 p. (in Russian).
  5. BC B.1.1-14:2021: Composition and content of urban planning documentation at the local level. Kyiv: Ministry of Communities and Territories Development of Ukraine, 2022. 77 p. (in Ukrainian).
  6. BC V.1.1-24:2009: Protection against dangerous geological processes. Kyiv: Ministry of Regional Development of Ukraine, 2010. 108 p. (in Ukrainian).
  7. BC V.1.1-25-2009: Engineering protection of territories and structures against underflooding and inundation. Kyiv: Ministry of Regional Development of Ukraine, 2010. 52 p. (in Ukrainian).
  8. BC V.1.1-12:2014: Construction in seismic areas of Ukraine. Kyiv: Ministry of Regional Development of Ukraine, 2014. 110 p. (in Ukrainian).
  9. Bogdevich, O. P., & Isichko, E. S. (2016). Engineering- geological zoning of the city of Kagul. Bulletin of the Institute of Geology and Seismology of the ASM, 2, 52-59. (in Russian).
  10. Chuyko, O. E. (2001). Engineering-geological conditions of the territory of the Small Adzhalyk estuary. Bulletin of Odessa National University named after I.I. Mechnikova, 5, 51-54. (in Ukrainian).
  11. El May, M., Diala, M., & Chenini, I. (2010). Urban geological mapping: geotechnical data analysis for rational development. Engineering Geology, 116, 129-138.
  12. Grebenshchikov, V. P., Grebenshchikova, N. V., & Kapitalchuk, I. P. (2021). Engineering-geological zoning of the territory of the Bendery town. Bulletin of the Vladikavkaz Scientific Center.Vladikavkaz, 3, 67-75. (in Russian).
  13. Huang, C. T., Lin, Y.K., Kao, T.C., & Moh, Z.C. (1987). Geotechnical engineering mapping of the Taipei city, proceedings of 9th Southeast Asian Geotechnical Conference. Bangkok, Thailand.
  14. Koukis, G., & Sabatakakis, N. (2000). Engineering geological environment of Athens, Greece. Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment volume 59, 127–135.
  15. Kravchuk, Y. S. (1991). Engineering-geomorphological mapping. Lviv: Svit, 144 p. (in Ukrainian).
  16. Marchak, A. I. (2012). Methodology of morphometric analysis of the relief of basin systems of mountainous territories by means of GIS technologies (on the example of the Prut River basin within the borders of Chornohora). Bulletin of I. Franko Lviv National University, 40, 68-90. (in Ukrainian).
  17. Marschalko, M., Bednárik, M., & Yilmaz, I. (2012). Evaluation of engineering-geological conditions for conurbation of Ostrava (Czech Republic) within GIS environment. Environmental Earth Sciences, 67, 1007–1022.
  18. Master plan of the Irpin town: explanation note. Kyiv: DIPROMISTO, 2017. 180 p. (in Ukrainian).
  19. Muceku, Y. (2012). The engineering geological mapping on scale 1:10000 for tourism development in Adriatic Coastal Plain-Divjaka, Albania. International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering, 4, 32-39.
  20. Mykolaenko, O., Zhyrnov, P., Sadoviy, Y., Tomchenko, O., & Pidlisetska, I. (2019). Assessment engineering geological zoning of Kalush city using ERS data for urban development. Proceedings of 18th International Conference on Geoinformatics - Theoretical and Applied Aspects, 2019. Kyiv, Ukraine: European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers.
  21. Palienko, V. P., Barshchevskiy, M. E., Bortnyk, S. Y., Palienko, E. T., 7 Vakhrushev, B. O. (2004). General geomorphological zoning of the territory of Ukraine. Ukrainian Geographical Journal. Kyiv, 1, 3-11. (in Ukrainian).
  22. Paula da Silva A. F., &  Rodrigues-Carvalho, J. A. (2006). Engineering geological mapping for the urban planning of Almada County, Portugal. 10th IAEG International Congress - Engineering geology for tomorrow's cities, 165, 1-7.
  23. Popov, I. V. (1951). Engineering geology: education. manual Moscow: State Publishing House of Geological Literature, 444 p. (in Russian).
  24. Rudenko, F. A., Solyakov, I. P., & Mesyas, I. A. (1071). Hydrogeology of the Ukrainian SSR. Moscow: Nedra, 614 p. (in Russian).
  25. Rudko, G. I., & Huda, O. V. (2013). Geodynamic regime of exogenous geological processes in the Tysa River basin (Transcarpathian region). Environmental safety and balanced resource use, 1, 9-14. (in Ukrainian).
  26. Sedin, V. L., Grabovets, O. M., 7 Bondar, O. V. (2015). Engineering geology: education manual. Dnipropetrovsk: T. K. Serednyak, 488 p. (in Ukrainian).
  27. Shnyukov, E. F., Shestopalov, V. M. & Yakovlev E. A. (1993). Ecological geology of Ukraine: evidence manual Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 1993. 407 p. (in Russian).
  28. Shpakovsky, Y. E. (1999). Engineering-geological zoning of Odesa. Bulletin of Odessa National University named after I.I. Mechnikova, 5, 51-54. (in Ukrainian).
  29. Simonov, Y. G., & Kruzhalin, V. I. (1993). Engineering geomorphology: education manual. Moscow: Moscow State University, 208 p. (in Russian).
  30. Solovytskyi, V. N., & Vozgrin, B. D. (1990). Geological map of the Kyiv region on a scale of 1:50,000 on sheets. Kyiv: Ukrgeolstrom, 10 p. (in Russian).
  31. SSU-N B V.1.1-XX:201X: Guidelines for the engineering protection of territories, houses, buildings and structures against underflooding and inundation. Kyiv: Ministry of Regional Development of Ukraine, 201X. 203 p. (in Ukrainian).
  32. Sumatokhina, I. M. (2004). Engineering-geomorphological risk of the development of dangerous exogenous processes in the territory of the Dnipropetrovsk city: dissertation ... candidate of geogr. science. Dnipropetrovsk, 213 p. (in Ukrainian).
  33. Trofimov, V. T., Korolev, V. A., Voznesenskyi, E. A., Holodkovska, G. A., Vasylchuk, Y. K. & Ziangirov, R. S. (2005). Soil science: education manual 6th ed., add. Moscow: Moscow State University, 1024 p. (in Russian).
  34. Trofimov, V. T., & Krasylova, N. S. Engineering- geological maps: education manual. Moscow: KDU, 2008. 383 p. (in Russian).
  35. Tsybko, V. A. Engineering-geological atlas of the Irpin town on a scale of 1:5000. Kyiv: UKRIINTR, 2020. 97 p. (in Russian).
  36. Wakamatsu, K., & Matsuoka, M. (2013). National 7.5-arc-second Japan engineering geomorphologic classification map and Vs30 zoning. Journal of Disaster Research, 5, 904-911.
  37. Zhyrnov, P. V.(2015). To the problem of engineering- construction assessment of territories taking into account local natural and technogenic factors (on the example of Reni District, Odesa Region). Geophysical Journal, 37, 115-123. (in Ukrainian).
  38. Zuquette, L. V., Osni Pejon, O. J., & Santos Collares, J. Q. (2004). Engineering geological mapping developed in the Fortaleza Metropolitan Region, State of Ceara, Brazil. Engineering Geology, 71, 227-253.