The crystalline phases of hydration products of the gypsum-lime binder were identified using XRD analysis. The physical and chemical regularities of the structure formation processes in the model system “gypsum – quicklime – metakaolin – amorphous silica – water – borax” were established. The influence of the quicklime type and gypsum binder brand on the morphology and the size of the calcium sulfate dihydrate crystals were investigated.
One of the leaders of wall materials in the modern market, which combines high constructional and thermal insulation properties, is cellular concrete, in particular non-autoclave hardening. Improving efficiency of cellular concrete as a heat insulating material is, above all, in the maximum possible decrease in average density, while providing a certain level of physical and mechanical indicators necessary for the manufacture of products in the form of slabs.
The development of the technology of new binders and concrete involves the following stages: the selection and preparation of materials, designing the composition in accordance with requirements, preparation of the mixture and the formation of products, initial curing and setting, further hardening. All these stages are united in a single complex, in which each stage has its own special significance and simultaneously affects the efficiency of the entire technological complex.