One of the most important ecological problems of the XXI century is the change in the global climate. Over the past decade, as a result of human activity, the concentration of gases forming the greenhouse effect in the atmosphere is increasing. This leads to devastating consequences for the planet Earth and makes the problem of climate change one of the most important in the field of environmental protection.
The influence of nitrogen oxides on the СО2 uptake rate by chlorophyll-producing microalgae of Chlorella type was investigated. Experimental dependences of microalgae concentration growth over time under certain values of nitrogen oxides concentration in the culture medium were obtained. The mathematical model of microalgae biomass growth depending on nitrogen oxides concentration was developed. Based on the solution of the mathematical model and the obtained experimental data, the concentration of nitrogen oxides for the maximal microalgae growth was determined.
It is well known that humanity has to deal with a large number of environmental problems. Every year the level of the Earth's electromagnetic field is only increasing, which is associated with human activity. Promising was the solution of the problem of carbon dioxide absorption by chlorophyll synthesizing microalgae under the influence of microwave electromagnetic radiation.
As of today, humanity has to deal with a large number of environmental problems. Such problems include climate changes on Earth, which makes the worldwide scientific community and today’s world leaders of countries to raise the alarm. The impetus for the drawing of attention was the rapid rise in the earth temperature, threatening to raise the level of the World Ocean and cause catastrophic consequences in general.
The information about generalized kinetic data which can describe biodegradation of polymeric materials (kinetics of biomass growth and methods of investigation of its formal mechanism of biodegradation, microorganism adhesion) has been presented in this paper.