The complex study of the separatism influence into the international-politic situation in the world is done. The theoretical and methodological basis of separatism is analyzed, the problem of definition this phenomenon is investigated, the main reasons of separatist tendencies is clarified, and the main forms of their manifestations are singled. The level of scientific development of separatism in the works of domestic and foreign researchers is studied.
Ethno-political separatist conflict is a feature of modern international relations and a potential threat to global security. The number of such conflicts is growing and the danger of their aggravation remains an urgent problem, thus, studing the possibilities of solving them is an important task. The concept of ethno-political separatist conflict integrates two terms of the Western science: “self-determination conflict” and “separatist conflict”.