The results of the study of chloroform extract of the herb Ficaria verna, in particular thechemical composition and antioxidant activity are presented in the paper. 38 volatile compounds were identified: higher fatty acids, fatty acid esters, monocyclic and bicyclic monoterpenoids, saturated hydrocarbons (alkanes), etc. Research determined that chloroform extract shows antioxidant activity. In addition, the significant content of biologically active substances in the lipophilic volatile fraction of Ficaria verna. indicates the prospects for further research.