The article is devoted to analyzing the peculiarities of the emigration processes in the countries of the Visegrad Group prior to their accession, in the course of accession and after joining the EU. The author found out the differences in socio-economic development and birth rates in the countries of Western Europe and the countries of the Visegrad Group. As the result, the cyclical and structural causes of emigration processes in the countries of the Visegrad Group were singled out.
The authors reveal the importance of migration management and its role in shaping effective migration policy. The structure of migration management is identified and the main stages of the national migration movement of the population are outlined. Despite the complexity of finding relevant statistics on migration in Ukraine, some key statistical indicators, including geographical and age structure of immigrants have been presented in this research work.