The goals of the article are to study the functioning of venture business in Ukraine, as well as the market of electric cars, its state and dynamics. The purpose of the article is to create effective mechanisms for the formation and development of venture structures, as one of the strategic entities of the economy of Ukraine, through investing in the market of electric cars, which are more environmentally friendly compared to cars with an internal combustion engine (ICE), in Ukraine through modeling .
The article examines the trends in the development of venture business in Ukraine and examines its current state in the conditions of martial law. The main sources of funding for start-up projects were studied, the success stories of leading domestic start-ups were identified and analyzed, and the problems of the formation and formation of domestic start-up businesses were revealed. The authors analyzed the prospects for the development of the startup industry in Ukraine and the possibilities of its restoration to pre-war indicators.
In modern conditions, innovation is one of the most important factors of economic development, and the development of innovation is the main condition for ensuring the competitiveness of the econ- omy. Therefore, modeling the development of venture business is relevant and very important for the development of investment and innovation market and structural adjustment of Ukraine's economy.
Purpose. The aim of the article is to reveal the essence of venture business, its role and significance. Identify the importance of the state as one of the interested participants in the venture capital market. Investigate and form the goals of the system of state financing of venture activities. Identify and disclose methods of state incentives for venture financing. Consider the five main types of budget allocations. Investigate the elements of the system of state incentives for the venture capital market in different countries on examples.