The article investigates and analyzes the validation and verification of measurement methods in the clinical diagnostic laboratory. The content and features of validation and verification are revealed. Measurement methods are considered in detail. Each direction of validation and verification of measurement methods is analyzed. The difference between validation and verification is substantiated. Measuring systems are increasingly used in the laboratories of the clinical sector. This means that the responsibility for validation lies mainly with the manufacturer.
The article shows that the commonly used method of estimating the Type A uncertainty of measurements based on the standard deviation of estimators of population parameters does not meet the definition of uncertainty. For correct determination of the standard uncertainty, it is necessary to use the distribution of the corresponding population parameter at the values of population estimators determined from the experiment but not the probability distribution of the estimator.
Gas flow temperature is an important parameter of the process, determines the quantitative and qualitative indicators of the original product, the presence of defects, the state of technological equipment, as well as the safety of the process. Therefore, its measurement must be carried out continuously, with high accuracy, low inertia and high reliability, since the information signal about the value of temperature is used in information-measuring systems and automatic control and regulation systems.
In order to improve the accuracy of gas flowrate measurement by means of the differential pressure flowmeters, it is necessary to apply equations for determination of coefficients of gas flow equation, which would provide the lowest total relative expanded uncertainty of calculation, and to increase the accuracy of input values measurement in real time. One of these values is the arithmetic mean deviation of roughness profile of pipe internal surface. The equation for calculating the arithmetic mean deviation of roughness profile of pipe internal surface in real time was obtained.
The article proposes an approach to the research of the metrological reliability of measurements taking into account the conditions and operating modes of measuring equipment, based on the intermediate control of the standard deviation of the measurement results. The above approach is relevant because it allows laboratories to reasonably set the recalibration intervals of measuring equipment based on the control of standard deviations. The requirement for reasonable setting of recalibration intervals for measuring instruments is a common worldwide
The results of statistical measurements of the resistance of the metal film resistor are given below. The analysis of the dependencies of the standard deviation on the number of measurements σR(N)envisages a tendency of raising σR with the number of measurements. It indicates that the obtained results are not independent since fluctuations of them are not of “white” noise type. The dependence of the standard deviation of measurement results onN confirms the results of other studies.
It is important to carry out metrological confirmation of the used measuring equipment in order to obtain reliable measurement results during the conformity assessment of products. Assessment of the metrological confirmation of the measuring equipment confirms its conformity with the given measuring task. For proper performance of this task it is necessary to have an appropriate measurement technique.
In 2019, 100 years since the founding of the Department of Information and Measurement Technologies of the Lviv Polytechnic National University, there is an urgent need to look back in the historical perspective and analyze the contribution of certain historical figures to the development of engineering thought and the principles of metrology in the areas of Western Ukraine and, in particular, in the territories of Galychyna.
The article focuses on the main problems of methodology of the measurement quality evaluation in the context of introduction into metrological practice of the International Dictionary of Metrology VIM 3. The generalized definition of the notion of measurement quality is given. A separate analysis of measurement quality indexes as a process and quality indexes of measurement result as a product of this process is carried out.
An attention is considered to analysis of instrumental component of result’s uncertainty. While production control in industry, the mentioned component for concrete measuring instrument with the concrete measurement results has to be determined and analyzed. Important is the question of random impacts effect on to uncertainty of extreme (minimum or maximum) observations.