The effectiveness of the ban on pro-russian political parties: experience and realities

2023;
: 289-296

Olha Sydii, Iryna Shulhan. The effectiveness of the ban on pro-russian political parties: experience and realities.

1
Education and Scientific Institute of Law, Psychology and Innovative Education Lviv Polytechnic National University stydent
2
Lviv Polytechnic National University Institute of Law, Psychology and Innovative Education

The legal regulation of the prohibition of political parties in Ukraine and foreign countries in the article is examined. The key issue in the issue of banning political parties is the mechanism of this ban and its effectiveness in protecting fundamental human rights, national security of Ukraine and protection of the democratic constitutional order. Since information security is an important front line, Ukraine is defending its independence and democracy in this area. In this regard, it is of particular relevance to improve national legislation and state policy in the field of information space protection and restriction of the activities of pro-Russian political parties. 

It is emphasized that the right to freedom of association of citizens into political parties is a reflection of the pluralistic nature of a democratic political regime. The activities of political parties allow for the real influence of various social groups on the political life of the State. At the same time, the need to ensure this pluralism and other constitutional values requires the legislator to introduce special mechanisms to protect the democratic constitutional order, in particular, by establishing special restrictions on the activities of public associations. The key issue in the prohibition of political parties is the mechanism of this prohibition and its effectiveness in protecting fundamental human rights, national security of Ukraine and protection of the democratic constitutional order.

The main models of banning political parties are analyzed. The practice of banning political parties in Ukraine since 2014 in the context of Russia's hybrid aggression against Ukraine is considered. 

A mechanism for improving the legal regulation of the ban on the activities of pro-Russian political parties in Ukraine is proposed based on the experience of countries with stable democracies and taking into account the challenges facing Ukraine's national security today.

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