Problems of prosecuting criminal responsibility for treason in the conditions of war in Ukraine

2023;
: 157-161

Rostyslav Bundz, Oksana Pidhorodetska. Problems of prosecuting criminal responsibility for treason in the conditions of war in Ukraine. https://science.lpnu.ua/law/all-volumes-and-issues/volume-10-number-3-39...

1
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
2
Lviv Polytechnic National University

The full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation created new problems related to treason. The issue of treason is relevant in today's conditions, because it always remains a place for ensuring national security, sovereignty and inviolability of the state. Treason is a serious criminal activity that can bring colossal consequences for the future state. The article reveals shortcomings in the legislation associated with an insufficiently effective system of regulation, implementation and execution of punishments, research and analysis of the problems of criminal prosecution for treason in the conditions of war in Ukraine is carried out. Attention is focused on the issues of a fair trial, rights of protection of plaintiffs and compliance with international legal norms.

  The article examines the legal status and definition of treason in Ukrainian legislation, as well as statistics on the consideration of treason cases during the full-scale invasion of the Russian Federation. The article highlights the current problems of criminal prosecution for treason in the conditions of the war in Ukraine, which threatens the national security of the state - peculiarities and problems of implementation. . An important aspect is the determination of which specific actions can be considered treason and which interests of the state are violated. The issue of treason can become the subject of political manipulation and persecution. The state needs to maximally ensure the fair punishment of those citizens of Ukraine who commit criminal offenses against the national security of Ukraine in wartime conditions. The authorities must ensure adequate protection of national security and the ability to effectively respond to threats.

Ukrainian legislation needs further work on improving the definition and application of the concept of treason, as well as providing legal guarantees to protect citizens from possible abuses.

1. 500 dniv viiny: DBR vidkrylo maizhe 1,7 tys. kryminalnykh sprav shchodo zlochyniv proty Natsbezpeky (infohrafika). Derzhavne biuro rozsliduvan. URL: https://dbr.gov.ua/news/dbr-vidkrilo-majzhe-1-7-tis.-kriminalnih-sprav-s... (Accessed:27.09.2023). [in Ukrainian].

2. Konstytutsiia Ukrainy: Zakon vid 28.06.1996 № 254k/96-VR. Baza danykh «Zakonodavstvo Ukrainy» / VR Ukrainy. URL: http: www.rada.gov.ua (Accessed: 26.09.2023). [in Ukrainian].

3. Kryminalnyi kodeks Ukrainy: Zakon Ukrainy vid 5 kvitnia 2001 roku № 2341-III. Baza danykh «Zakonodavstvo Ukrainy» / VR Ukrainy. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2341-14#Text. (Accessed: 26.09.2023). [in Ukrainian].

4. Lutsenko Yu.V. Pidstavy ta umovy zvilnennia vid kryminalnoi vidpovidalnosti za derzhavnu zradu. Derzhava i pravo. 2012. Vyp. 56. S. 429-434. [in Ukrainian].

5. Pro vnesennia zmin do Kryminalnoho kodeksu Ukrainy shchodo posylennia vidpovidalnosti za zlochyny proty osnov natsionalnoi bezpeky Ukrainy v umovakh dii rezhymu voiennoho stanu: Zakon Ukrainy vid 24.03.2022 № 2160-IX URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2113-20#Text (Accessed:  27.09.2023). [in Ukrainian].

6. Naukovo-praktychnyi komentar do st. 111 Kryminalnoho kodeksu Ukrainy URL: http://www.jurists.org.ua/criminal-law/1762-naukovo-praktichniy-komentar... (Accessed: 30.09.2023).[in Ukrainian].