The United Nations – as an entity for the protection of the rights and freedoms of internally displaced persons

2023;
: 364-371

https://science.lpnu.ua/law/all-volumes-and-issues/volume-10-number-4-40... Natalia Blok, Victoria Hatala "The United Nations – as an entity for the protection of the rights and freedoms of internally displaced persons".

1
Institute of Jurisprudence, Psychologyand Innovative education Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of Civil Law and Procedure
2
Lviv Polytechnic National University

The article defines the concepts of internally displaced persons (hereinafter referred to as IDPs) and refugees. The role of the United Nations (hereinafter referred to as the UN) in protecting the rights and freedoms of internally displaced persons has been studied, and the structure and general directions of its protective activities have been characterized. It is noted that the United Nations is making quite a big effort to deal with the consequences of the pandemic, through a three-pronged response and preparedness strategy, which focuses on certain main clustered areas, which are described in more detail in the article. The main aspects of the activities of the United Nations in the context of military aggression by the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the RF) to Ukraine are described. An analysis of statistical data on the number of internally displaced persons and the application of international and domestic legislation on ensuring the rights and freedoms of internally displaced persons was also carried out. It has been established that the military aggression of the Russian Federation in Ukraine forced millions of people to leave their homes and change their legal status, especially outside of Ukraine. It is indicated that the United Nations will intensify the provision of life-saving assistance of political, economic and social content to those who need it, providing food, water, shelters and medical assistance to the most vulnerable categories of internally displaced persons, including women, children and the elderly (in particular, the city of Lviv also houses the office of the United Nations and mobile assistance points). It is indicated that about 200,000 displaced persons placed in the Lviv region received legal, psychosocial, monetary assistance and basic necessities, as well as urgent housing assistance. It has been proven that humanitarian and other needs continue to grow against the background of the destruction of the population, the long-term destruction of Ukraine's infrastructure. The focus is on the fact that all internally displaced persons have the right to a standard of social security. At a minimum, regardless of the circumstances and without discrimination, competent authorities provide internally displaced persons and ensure safe access to the basic components of a fulfilling life.

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