Peculiarities of the emergence and development of deviant behavior of juvenile convicts without isolation from society

Oleksii HUMIN, Yurii KUZMA "Peculiarities of the emergence and development of deviant behavior of juvenile convicts without isolation from society".

Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology Lviv Polytechnic National University, Head of Department of Criminal Law Doctor of Law, Professor
Lviv University of Business and Law

Juveniles who have committed criminal offenses are a subject of close observation for criminologists, human rights activists and society as a whole. One particular aspect is the judicial practice whereby minors can be sentenced to certain types of punishment without isolation from society, such as suspended sentences, fines, community service, and correctional labor. This practice has its pros and cons that need to be considered from a criminological perspective.

On the one hand, sentencing minors without isolation from society can have a positive impact on their rehabilitation and reintegration into society. A suspended sentence, for example, can help to change the behavior of a convicted person through conditional liability and support for sending them to rehabilitation programs. Such measures allow the juvenile to remain in his or her environment, where he or she can have support from family and other social agents, which contributes to his or her adaptation and socialization.

On the other hand, there are certain risks associated with the use of such alternative types of punishment for juveniles. For example, a suspended sentence may be perceived as not severe enough and as too lenient for a criminal offense, which may not encourage behavioral change. In addition, the lack of isolation from society may pose a risk to public safety, especially if the convicted person continues to engage in antisocial behavior.

One of the key aspects of solving this problem is the individualization of punishment, which takes into account the specific circumstances of the case, as well as the needs and capabilities of the juvenile. In particular, it is important to take into account his/her age, the degree of social adaptation, and the availability of support from family and other social structures.


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