The civil society as a problem category of philosophical-legal discourse

: 115-122

Chornopyska V. "The civil society as a problem category of philosophical-legal discourse"

Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology

The article analyzes the theoretical and methodological foundations of the formation of the legal category “civil society”. Civil society as a philosophical and legal category is explored in two dimensions: phenomenal (practical) and abstract-conceptual. In the phenomenal  context, the category is regarded as a characteristic phenomenon of the modern society, which is a living substance, which by its very nature is inflexible and in a state of permanent development. In the abstract-conceptual dimension, the category of “civil society” is interpreted as an ideological component, and is therefore taken out of the practical sphere of society. It has been proven that civil society is a complex and contradictory phenomenon, the major shifts in the study of which depend on whether an effective methodology can be established.

1. Gerasy`menko D. Ideya gromadyans`kogo suspil`stva (I. Kant ta E. Levinas) [The idea of civil society (I. Kant and E. Levinas)]. Thesis for a Candidate Degree in Philosophy. 09.00.05 – History of Philosophy. Kyiv, 2017.Available at: K_26.053.13/dis_Gerasimenko.pdf. 2. Andronova I. V. Grazhdanskoe obshchestvo: teoretikometodologicheskie osnovy issledovaniya [Civil society: theoretical and methodological foundations of the study]. Bulletin of OSU. Humanitarian sciences. 2004. No. 7. pp. 9–13. 3. Gadzhiev K. S. Vvedenie v politicheskuyu nauku[Introduction to political science]. 2nd ed., Revised. and add. Moscow: Logos Publ, 1999.541 p. 4. Aristotel’. Nikomakhova etika [Nikomakhov’s ethics]. Philosophers of Greece. Moscow: Publishing House EKSMO-PressPubl, 1997. Available at: materialy/hist/3_kurs/Etika_Zukov a/2012/Pril_1.pdf. 5. Chanyshev A.N. Aristotel’[Aristotle]. Moscow: Thought Publ, 1987. 221 p. 6. Avgustin Avrelii blazhennyi. O grade Bozhiem [About the city of God]. Moscow, 1994. Vol. 1. 394 p. 7. Gobbs T. Leviafan, ili materiya, forma i vlast’ gosudarstva tserkovnogo i grazhdanskogo [Leviathan, or matter, the form and power of a church and civil state]. Part 2. Anthology of world political thought in 5 vol. Moscow, 1997.Vol. 1. Available at: content.htm. 8. Smit A. Bagatsvo narodiv [Wealth of nations]. Perekl. z angl. O. Vasy`l`yeva ta in. Kyiv: Our Format Publ, 2018. 736 p. 9. Polity`chna ency`klopediya [Political Encyclopedia]. Redkol.: Yu. Levenecz` (golova), Yu. Shapoval (zast. golovy`) ta in. Kiev: Parliamentary Publishing House Publ, 2011. 808 p. 10. Gegel’ G. Filosofiya prava [The philosophy of law]. Perevodchik B. G. Stolpner. Moscow: Yurayt Publishing House Publ, 2019. 292 p.