Distance education technologies in higher education: acciological and legal basis

: 112-121

Chornopyska V. Z., Kucherenko N. V.
"Distance education technologies in higher education: acciological and legal basis"

Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology

The  decisive  feature  of  educational  technology  is  the  progressive,  often  progressive 
nature of their development in terms of technical means. The bottom line is that the total input 
of the computer into the educational sphere requires careful review, analysis of allcomponents 
of  the  learning  process.  In  the  distance  learning,  the  following  Internet  technologies  are 
actively  used:  virtual  communities  -  focus  on  communication,  which  determines  the  effective 
development  of  communication  competence  of  the  student;  virtual  worlds  – fabricate  various 
possible  situations  for  the  student,  which  is  de  facto  impossible  to  reconstruct  in  reality,  both 
from  an  ethical  and  practical  point  of  view,  at  the  same  time,  everything  in  the  virtual 
environment  is  understood  to  be  taken  as  a  fragment  of  life  or  an  element  of  reality;  online 
games – primarily aimed at communication and interaction, determine the perspective, that is, 
they  give  a  certain  chance  to  develop  social  competence  and  psychological  adequacy,  prevent 
the occurrence ofvarious internal conflictsor later help them to effectively solve. 
In  the  process  of  organization  of  distance  learning  in  order  to  ensure  effective 
interaction,  one  must  adhere  to  the  following  fundamental  principles:  a  solid,  solid 
organization of didactic dialogue; simulation of a kind of dialogue in the educational materials 
themselves;  the  creation  of  individual  assistance,  assistance  to  students  between  stationary 
classes: counseling,  providing  curious educational material, which  can  provide  the  demands  of 
modern  students;  saving  time  distribution  between  the  mutual  activity  of  teachers  and 
students ofdistances education and their independent work. 

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