Administrative and legal measures to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic: the case of Ukraine, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus

2021;
: 95-103
1
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology
2
Lviv Polytechnic National University

Attempts to analyse measures taken by the governments of Ukraine, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus in struggle against the COVID-19 pandemic are made. Some issues of the current legislation, which were introduced under new circumstances in above-mentioned states are raised in the article. Most countries of the world were not ready for the changes in the objective legal reality which should have occurred in view of the need to combat the pandemic. The existing legal framework has not been sufficient to respond quickly to the challenges posed by the COVID-19 infection. Due to this the Government of Ukraine has recently adopted a number of decisions aimed at creating a unified state position in the fight against the pandemic. From March 2020 to the present, Ukrainian authorities by using the method of “trial and error” at the national level have introduced in practice the full lockdown, the so-called adaptive quarantine and “the weekend quarantine”. Different federal subjects of the Russian Federation have developed and continue to develop different practices of implementing measures to combat the pandemic. As in Ukraine, since spring of 2020 in most of the subjects of the Russian Federation the restrictive measures which (depending on the epidemiological situation in each region) could both increase and decrease were introduced by the relevant regulations. However, the position of Belarus, which has been adopted and implemented since the beginning of the pandemic, was radically different from those that has been applied in most countries of the world. The government of Belarus did not apply almost any anti epidemic restrictions. The decisions that have been made in the past and will be made by governments in the future waves of the pandemic will break new ground for the new scientific researches and will ultimately allow to make a comprehensive assessment of the actions taken during the period under review.

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Bortnyk N., Makarchuk Ks. "Administrative and legal measures to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic: the case of Ukraine, the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus" http://science.lpnu.ua/law/all-volumes-and-issues/volume-8-number-129-2021/administrative-and-legal-measures-prevent-spread