Protection of environmental rights: theoretical and practiological nature

Zharovska I. "Protection of environmental rights: theoretical and practiological nature"

Educational-Scientific Institute of Law and Psychology Lviv Polytechnic National University, D.Sc. (Law), Associate Professor

The article is devoted to the analysis from the point of view of theoretical jurisprudence and practical aspect of protection of ecological rights in the modern globalized society. It is emphasized that the environment is the common property of mankind, it is important to find progressive and multifaceted solutions to protect and enrich it. These decisions are comprehensive and include legal, institutional and organizational and managerial measures. It has been stated that environmentalists and landowners play a crucial role in trying to slow down environmental change and overcome inequalities in land use and resource development. Environmental rights must be protected at the international level, as environmental issues are not usually limited to the borders of an individual state. However, the primary protection of citizens' environmental rights is the responsibility of the state. It is motivated that the protection of human rights is a necessary element of its functioning. Without a system of protection and guarantee, opportunities do not become real rights, and remain declarative slogans. Environmental rights are rights of vital importance. Changes in the natural environment have a critical impact on human life, causing catastrophes that threaten human existence. The right to life is universally recognized as a fundamental or fundamental human right, the exercise of which is a necessary condition for the exercise of all other human rights. Protection of environmental rights is a priority for society, the state and man. The problem is that nature conservation is often at odds with the interests of certain clans, oligarchic groups and conglomerates. The right to a safe environment for life and health is a key basis for the environmental rights of citizens, which other environmental rights are aimed at. It is stated that the solution to the problem of environmental protection is in the context of environmental global education and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. Legal education plays an important but insufficiently recognized role in anthropogenic changes in the environment. Activation of the educational environmental sphere solves the key problem – the search for optimal positions in solving environmental problems, thus solving the problem of protection of environmental rights

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