: 237-244
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Department of Fundamentals of Architecture and Architectural Design, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture

The problem of preserving the historical memory of ancient historical cities is becoming particularly
important today due to the strengthening globalization, which has become a driving force for the migration of
people and resources to capitals and other large cities. In some small towns, this problem is successfully solved
thanks to the efforts of local authorities or the active population, but in most cases, the desolation progresses.
Japan is an example of a country where the process of reviving small historical cities is successful, using
various, often non-traditional, creative methods and ideas. Therefore, we chose Japan to study the experience of
reviving the historical city to further apply it in Ukraine. During the study of the processes and methods of the
revitalization of ancient cities in Japan, the relationship between the current driving force of revitalization and the
specifics of the local historical model of their management was revealed. The study was conducted on examples of
the historical cities of Hagi, Onomichi and Omi Hachiman, located in different regions of the country. These
examples reveal a direct relationship between the historical model of management and the modern driving force of
the revitalization in every city. It allows us to speak about the existence of the phenomenon of their stable
historical mode of action, which remains relevant even now.
In the course of the study, it was found that the ratio of driving forces in the process of revitalization in the
cities of Hagi, Onomichi and Omi Hachiman is fundamentally different. In Hagi's case, the role of the local
administration is primary. In Onomichi, the power of local community associations, businesses, and individuals
dominates. In the case of Omi Hachiman, an extremely interesting phenomenon can be traced – the local
administration and the community work together to revitalize the city. The revitalization of a city can be successful
regardless of who initiates it, but in Hagi, Onomichi and Omi Hachiman, there is a direct relationship between the
current driving force of revitalization processes and the historical model of governance of these cities. This gives
grounds to state the existence of the phenomenon of a sustainable historical mode of action in the cities of Japan,
which remains relevant and is actively manifested even now.
In particular, feudal castle towns, which in the past were under direct samurai rule, are now characterized
by a top-down scheme of revitalization activities, where the main driving initiative belongs to the local
administration (for example, in Hagi). Port and commercial cities with a historically independent management
system are currently characterized by a bottom-up revitalization scheme, where the main initiative belongs to local
communities and individuals (for example, in Onomichi). Historical cities of samurai rule with well-developed
trade and, accordingly, a system of self-government, today are characterized by a mixed scheme of driving forces
of revitalization with mutual initiatives of both local authorities and residents (for example, in Omi Hachiman).

Sasaki M. 2003. Kanazawa : A Creative and Sustainable City. Policy science 10(2), Ritsumeikan University. P. 17-30
佐々木雅幸.創造都市への挑戦 産業と文化の息づく街へ.ー東京:岩波書店,2015. 309p. (Сасакі Масаюкі. Содзотоші е но чьосен. Сангьо то бунка но ікидзуку мачі е. Токіо : Ивамишьотен, 2015. 309 с.) [in Japanese].
Sasaki M. Cultural Cluster and Cityscape in Kanazawa and Yokohama. The quarterly journal of Economic studies 36 (1/2), 59-78, 2013-09, Osaka City University.
山 出 保.沢 沢 の 気 骨 - 文化 で ま ち づ く り.東京 東京 : 北国 新聞 社, 2013. 310 p. (Yamade Tamotsu. Kanazawa no kikotsu - bunka de machizukuri. - Tokyo: Iwamishyoten, 2015. 309 p.) [In Japanese].
山 出 保.ち ち づ く り 都市 金 沢.ー 岩 波 新書, 2018. 238 p. (Yamade Tamotsu. Machizukuri Toshi Kanazawa. - Ivanamishinsho, 2018.238 p.) [In Japanese].
Shevtsova Anna, 2014. The Creative City Kanazawa: Creative Strategies for Cultural Preservation and Urban Development. Magisterial thesis of Master of Arts, Global and Area Studies. University of Wyoming, P. 117-123
Shevtsova G., 2017. Creative strategies of revitalization of the historical city of Kanazawa, Japan // Architectural Bulletin of KNUBA, No. 11-12. K .: KNUBA, S. 219-223.
Shevtsova GV, 2018. Modern Japanese strategies for the revitalization of small historic cities: a systematic approach and creativity // Modern architecture of the world: collection. scientific articles Ros. acad. architecture and builds. Sciences, Research Institute of Theory and History of Architecture and Urban Planning. М.: Спб: Нестор - История, 2. Вып. XI. P. 204-225.
Whole Town Hagi Museum (Hagi Machijyu Hakubutsukan) [Electronic resource] Available at:https://www.city.hagi.lg.jp/site/machihaku/h30533.html (accessed: 05.08.2020) [in Japanese].
Onomichi IHATOV [Electronic resource] Available at: https://ihatov.in (accessed: 05 08 2020) [in Japanese].
Onomichi Empty Houses Regeneration Project (Onomichi Akiya Saisei Projekuto). [Electronic resource] Available at: http://www.onomichisaisei.com/ (accessed: 05.08.2020) [in Japanese].
Water ways of Omi Hachiman no Suigo Electronic 江 八 幡 の 水 郷 [Electronic resource] Available at:https://www.shigabunka.net/archives/119 (accessed: 05.08.2020) [in Japanese].
Town Development Company Masse (Machizukuri-kaisha Masse) [Electronic resource] Available at:https://www.facebook.com/massee.jp/ (accessed: 05 08 2020) [in Japanese].
Shevtsova G. V., 2002. Architectural and spatial features of the formation of Khreschatyk Street in Kyiv (XIX- XX centuries): author's ref. dis. for science. degree of cand. architect. : спец. 18.00.01. Theory of architecture, restoration of architectural monuments. 18 s.