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Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of Architecture and Conservation

Globally, cities have two options for growth: extensive and intensive. The former involves expanding the city's area to accommodate increased development or population. However, this option has significant drawbacks, including longer travel times within the city, loss of arable or recreational land around the city, and the need to construct new infrastructure. As a result, many cities opt for the intensive approach, which maximizes land use efficiency.

The topic of revitalization has been under investigation since the mid-20th century, but it is relatively new for Ukraine. As a result, there is a lack of scientific articles that thoroughly explore the subject from all angles. From Ukrainian authors, I want to highlight Hnatiuk L., Melnyk M., Sych O., Levchenko O., Birkentale V.

The aim of this article is to examine the global practices of breathing new life into industrial areas. Additionally, it will delve into the history and present state of an industrial area located on Zamkova Street in Lviv. The article seeks to identify the development prospects of the region and provide recommendations and principles for the revitalization of Zamkova Street.

We have discovered a few examples of international projects that showcase the importance of experience: KingKros in London, UK, HafenCity in Hamburg, Germany, and Two Kings in Toronto, Canada. As part of our research, we have identified some challenges facing the industrial area on Zamkova Street. Based on our analysis of these challenges and similar projects, we have created a list of principles for revitalization. These include mixed-use buildings, height restrictions, infrastructure development, the idea of a "five-minute city" or "city of short distances," a broad range of housing prices, ample public spaces, new points of attraction, job opportunities close to homes, architecture competitions, preservation of historical buildings, emphasis on pedestrian safety, and the concept of a "sponge city."

The issue of industrial areas in Ukrainian cities is complex, but not unique. Many cities have gone through this developmental phase. Fortunately, our cities have an opportunity to draw from successful revitalization experiences. By tailoring these practices to fit each unique situation, we can transform our communities for the better.

Gnatyuk L., Melnyk M. (2019). Revitalization of industrial facilities on the example of Kyiv. Theory and practice of design, К.: NАY, 1(16). S.53–68. doi:10.18372/2415-8151.16.14330.

Levchenko O., Birkentale V. (2020). Revitalization: history, experience and prospects of spatial development / O. Levchenko, V. Birkentale // Visnyk studentskoho naukovoho tovarystva Donetskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni Vasylia Stusa. Vyp. 1. - Tom 2. - S. 305-310.

Sych O. A. (2016). Revitalization as a mechanism for ensuring the sustainable development of cities / O. A. Sych // Yevropeiski perspektyvy. Vyp. 1. - S. 27-33. - [online] Available at: https://financial.lnu.edu.ua/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/evpe_2016_1_6.pdf. [Accesed 9 August 2023].

Sych O.A. (2020). Revitalization as a component of city development strategy». Visnyk Kharkivskoho natsionalnoho universytetu imeni V. N. Karazina seriia «Ekonomichna». 0(99), s. 66-73. doi: 10.26565/2311-2379-2020-99-07.

About the development. [online] Available at: https://www.kingscross.co.uk/about-the-development [Accesed 9 August 2023].

King west village - A neighbourhood guide by Shane SHANE. [online] Available at: https://soldbyshane.com/area/king-west-village/ [Accesed 9 August 2023].

Torontosavvy (1970) The two kings, Toronto Savvy. [online] Available at: https://torontosavvy.me/tag/the-two-kings/ [Accesed 9 August 2023].

Urban planning hafencitycom. [online] Available at: https://www.hafencity.com/en/urban-development/urban-planning [Accesed 9 August 2023].

Who we are BAM. [online] Available at: https://www.bam.co.uk/how-we-do-it/case-study/coal-drops-yard-king-s-cross [Accesed 9 August 2023].

Wickens S. (2016) Downtown toronto went all in with a pair of Kings, The Globe and Mail. [online] Available at: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/industry-news/ [Accesed 9 August 2023].