Modern energy transportation projects in the context of European energy security protection (Research Article))

: 15-20
Received: January 20, 2018
Accepted: April 16, 2018
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University

There has been conducted a complex study of implementation of a modern energy transportation projects to European countries, as well as threats and challenges that are carried out for both European Union

member states and Ukraine. The mentioned issue has become urgent due to the fact that the availability of natural resources is considered by individual countries, in particular, Russia, not as a commodity, but as a significant political leverage for the European countries that are currently dependent on Russian gas supplies.

The author highlights political dimension of the implementation of European energy transport projects as a combination of both objective and subjective factors of global, regional and local dimensions, which influence the process of energy reforms of each EU member state, including Ukraine.

It has been concluded that the European Union is a leader of renewable energy in the world and intends to be a flagship in the creation and implementation of modern and innovative energy technologies. As for the new gas supply projects, it is worth noting that the construction of the above-mentioned Streams is, first of all, Russia's trump card against Ukraine, and Russians use it well, because they understand that remaining without transit of natural gas, Ukraine will lose about $ 2 billion annually. Construction of such gas pipelines puts Europe in direct dependence on Russia for another 20-30 years. And Russia will continue to manipulate the interests and objectives of the European Union.

Security of energy supply is very relevant for Ukraine, especially in the context of the next energy crisis at the end of February 2018. Acknowledging current challenges that face our state, Ukraine must build its own energy security system taking into account the priorities of national interests and maximizing building upon its own potency.

Effective implementation of the energy efficiency programs will enable Ukraine to build an independent energy policy and will improve the domestic economy in the international arena.

Bila, S. (2016). Strategic Priorities for the Formation of a Single European Energy Area (UNEP) Globalization processes in the development of national economies. Collection of scientific articles on the materials of the international scientific and practical conference (Ternopil, March 31, 2016). [In Ukrainian]. Ternopil: Publishing house "Krok", 179-182.

Gonchar, M. (2014, October 23). The Kremlin's hybrid war against Ukraine and the EU: the energy component.[In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from energetichniy-komponent.html

Dolinchuk S. (2017, June 15). We will have to negotiate: the ambitions of Gazprom have erupted the European Commission.  [In Ukrainian].   Retrieved   from publications/20173131-dovedetsya-domovlyatisya-ambiciyi-gazpromu-rozvorushili-evropejsku-komisiyu

Diachenko, M. (2013, June 3) Energy directives of the European Union, their impacts on the reform of the gas market. BIAF: Bureau for Integrated Analysis and Forecasts. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from

East European Gas Analysis. (2014). Consulting services on natural gas sector of Russia Publisher of "Russia insight". Retrieved from

Ivasechko, O., Dorosh, L. (2017, December) SWOT-analysis of Ukraine's energy security. [In Ukrainian]. Humanitarian Visions, No. 2, Vol. 2, (1), 25-30. Retrieved from sites/default/files/journal-paper/2017/ aug/5851/ ivasechkoviziyi22016.pdf

Integrites International law firm. (2018). "Hazprom" pobuduie shche odnu liniiu hazoprovodu v obkhid Ukrainy. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from 20180752-gazprom-pobudue-shche-odnu-liniyugazoprovodu-v-obhid-ukrayini

International Energy Agency. (2014). European Union-28:  Balances  for 2014.  Retrieved from http://www.iea. org/statistics/statisticssearch/report/?country=EU28&product= balances&year=2014

Laktionov, A. (2016, September 9). The European "locomotive" on Russian gas: North Stream 2 and its team (part two). Finance UA. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from news/-/383909/evropejskijlokomotiv-na-rossijskom-gaze-severnyj-potok-2-i-ego-komanda-chast-vtoraya

Markevich, K., Omelchenko, V. (2016). Global energy trends through the prism of Ukraine's national interests. Analytical Report of the Razumkov Center. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: Zapovit, 118. Retrieved from: ENERGY-S.pdf

Ukrainian Institute of Public Policy. (2011). Energy Security of Ukraine 2020: Challenges, Opportunities, and Scenarios. Kiev, 25. [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from uploads/news_message/at_file_en/0070/40.pdf

Volovich,  O.  (2009, May  5).  Prospects for diversification of sources of energy supplies to Ukraine. National Institute for Strategic Studies. [in Ukrainian]. Retrieved from

Yaroschuk, O. (2017, August 8). The bets are made. What is the future for the North Stream 2 and what to do for Ukraine.        Express        UA. [In Ukrainian].  Retrieved from