The Pandemic of COVID-19 as the Challenge to Ukrainian Migrant Workers in Poland (Research Article)

: 28-33
Received: May 12, 2020
Accepted: September 22, 2020
Lviv National Polytechnic University
Lviv Polytechnic National University

In the article, the authors analyze the impact of the COVID-19 world pandemic on the employment of Ukrainian migrant workers in Poland. It is noted that the economic situation and the war in the east of Ukraine led to continuous process of labor migration from Ukraine to Poland. The author analyzes basic documents of the migration policy of Ukraine as well as Polish legislation in the field of employment of foreign citizens. It was found that the introduction of quarantine restrictions resulted in mass return of Ukrainian workers from Poland. Special attention is placed on the adoption of the so-called Anti-Crisis Shield and Anti-Crisis Shield 2.0, aimed at mitigating the negative economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in Poland, taking into account interests of foreign workers, including Ukrainian labor migrants, who stayed abroad after quarantine restrictions come into force. Based on sociological research and official statistics, it has been determined that one third of Ukrainian migrant workers in Poland have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic, and some of them complain about income restrictions and reductions. It has been outlined an attitude of Ukrainian migrant workers who left Poland towards their return to work, perception of quarantine restrictions and the main reasons that force them to stay in Ukraine or return to the neighboring country. It is pointed out the volume of private money transfers to Ukraine for the same period in 2019 and 2020 respectively. The author draws conclusions that the COVID-19 world pandemic greatly affected the Ukrainian labor migrants in Poland, forcing them to leave their jobs and return home or stay abroad without actual source of income. It is mentioned that Poland still needs Ukrainian workers, who are especially in demand in the food industry, logistics, woodworking and household appliances.

  1. An average wage by types of economic activity by months. (2020). [In Ukrainian]. State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved from
  2. Buturlim, E. (2020). Poland is Waiting for Ukrainian Labour Migrants: Which Companies will Offer a Job until the End of the Year. [In Ukrainian]. UBR. Retrieved from
  3. Citizens of Ukraine in the Polish Labor Market – Experience, Challenges, and Prospects. (2019). [In Ukrainian]. EWL Migrant Support Fund and Center for Eastern European Studies, University of Warsaw. Retrieved from
  4. It Became Known How Many Workers Lost Their Jobs in Poland. (2020). [In Ukrainian]. Glavred. Retrieved from
  5. Malynovska, O. (2017). External Migration of Ukrainian Citizens in the Conditions of Deepening European Integration Processes: Challenges and Ways of Response. [In Ukrainian].  National Institute for Strategic Studies. Retrieved from
  6. Most of Ukrainian Workers Prefer to Stay in Poland, and Those Who Left due to Quarantine Want to Return – Research. (2020). [In Ukrainian]. Unian. Retrieved from rob itchan -hochut-zalishitisya-v-polshchi-a-ti-hto-vijihav-cherez-karantin-povernutisya-doslidzhennya.html
  7. Nahornyak, T., Pachos, Y. (2018). Migration of Ukrainians to Poland as a Consequence of State Policy. [In Ukrainian].  Political Life, 3, 27-35. Retrieved from
  8. One third of Ukrainians lost their jobs in Poland – Poll. (2020). [In Ukrainian]. Retrieved from
  9. Sukov, O. (2020). Workers at a Low Start. Do We Need Ukrainian Workers in Poland? [In Ukrainian]. Dilova Stolytsia Newspaper. Retrieved from
  10. Tarcza antykryzysowa. (2020). Retrieved from web/rozwoj/tarcza-antykryzysowa
  11. Tartasyuk, S. (2020). Where will Our Workers Go After Quarantine. [In Ukrainian]. Minfin. Retrieved from
  12. Tysiachnyi, V. (2020). “They work 2-3 hours more”: Why Poland is Waiting for Ukrainian Migrants and Whether it is Possible to Earn after the Pandemic. [In Ukrainian].  Rubricа. Retrieved from
  13. Ustawa o szczególnych instrumentach wsparcia w związku z rozprzestrzenianiem się wirusa SARS-CoV-2. (2020). Prawo.sejm, 16 kwietnia. Retrieved from
  14. Ustawa o zatrudnieniu i przeciwdziałaniu bezrobociu. (1994). Prawo.sejm, 14 grudnia. Retrieved from