1,3-butadiene and methacrylonitrile obtaining using oxidative conversion of C4 olefins over Fe-Te-Mo-Ox catalyst promoted with BaCl2

The effect of BaCl2 promotor on the catalytic properties of Fe-Te-Mo-Ox catalyst of joint oxidative dehydration and oxidative amonolysis of C4 olefins has been examined. The optimal composition of promoted catalyst has been established taking into consideration methacrylonitrile and butadiene yields. The process kinetics has been investigated

The initial stages of cyclooctene oxidation by molecular oxygen in the presence of tert-butyl hydroperoxide

The initial stages of liquid-phase oxidation of cyclooctene by molecular oxygen in the presence of tert-butyl hydroperoxide were investigated. It was shown that radical formation is the result of bimolecular decomposition of hydroperoxide. The influence of azodiizobutyronitrile on this process was studied. The kinetic parameters of the process were calculated.

Oxidation of unsaturated aldehydes by different oxidants

The new data about oxidation of unsaturated aldehydes of a general structure R–CH = C(R)–CHO by molecular oxygen (in liquid and gaseous phase), peracids and hydrogen peroxide were obtained. The composition of reaction products for a series of aldehydes with different structures was determined. The dependencies of the selectivity of reaction from an aldehyde structure and oxidant type have been evaluated. It has been assumed that a stage of aldehyde interaction with peracid determines the formation of reaction products.

Chemical Oxidants for Remediation of Contaminated Soil and Water. A Review

This review covers the main agents used for in situ and ex situ chemical oxidation of organic contaminants particularly oil products, in soil and water environments. Among them there are hydrogen peroxide, permanganate salts, ozone and sodium persulfate. The fields of application, as well as benefits and disadvantages of the mentioned agents use were described.

Catalytic oxidation of tert-butyl alcohol to methacrolein

Oxidation of tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) to methacrolein (МA) over Fe-Te-Mo-Ox catalyst (Cat), promoted by Ca(NO3)2 has been investigated. Promoter concentration, which was optimal by the МA yield, has been established (Ca/Mo = 0.05). Using catalyst of such type the MA yield was 87.1 % (calculated for supplied TBA) at the temperature of 663 K, process time of 2.5 s and TBA concentration of 7.0 % with concentration of water vapour in the air of 20 %. Under mentioned conditions TBA conversion was 100 %, isobutylene conversion – 95.5 %, selectivity by MA was 87.6 % and by CO2 – 2.4 %.

Kinetic Regularities of High-Sulphuric Brown Coal Oxidative Desulphurization

The process of high-sulphuric brown coal oxidative desulphurization has been studied. The effect of grain size and oxidant linear rate on the process parameters has been determined. During the process the main part of pyritic sulphur is converted into hydrogen sulphide resulting in forming the gases with H2S high content which may be utilized or processed by the known methods

Inhibition of 2-Hexenal Autooxidation by Essential Oils from Clove Bud, Laurel, Cardamom, Nutmeg and Mace

The antioxidant properties and stability during the storage of hexane solutions of 5 individual essential oils from clove bud (Caryophyllus aromaticus L.), cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum L.), laurel (Laurus nobilis L.), nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houtt.), and mace (Myristica fragrans Houtt) were studied by the method of capillary gas-liquid chromatography. We assessed the antioxidant properties by the efficiency of autooxidation inhibition of aliphatic aldehyde (trans-2-hexenal) into the corresponding carbon acid.

Bitumen Production via Tar Oxidation in the Presence of Petroleum Resin with Fluorine-Containing Groups

The tar oxidation process has been studied at 523 K, air flow rate of 2.0; 2.5 and 5.0 h-1 and process time of 6, 9 and 12 h in the presence of 2.5; 5.0 and 7.5 mas % (to calculate for the raw material)of petroleum resin with fluorine atoms. The tar is the residue of black oil vacuum distillation obtained from the oils of Western-Ukrainian fields. The effect of process conditions on the characteristics of obtained bitumen has been determined. The structural-group composition of blown bitumen has been examined.

The use of isobutyl alcohol for methacrylate synthesis

Methyl methacrylates synthesis via oxidative conversion of isobutyl alcohol has been investigated in accordance with different schemes. The possibility of its use as an alternative raw material instead of isobutylene and tert-butyl alcohol has been established. Using the scheme isobutyl alcohol  methacrylonitrile  methyl methacrylate the product with ultimate yield of 64.8 % has been obtained. Taking into consideration the recirculation of unreacted methacrolein the yield is 81.9 %. This scheme may be recommended for industrial application.