The purpose of this work was to study the process of adsorption of phosphate on natural and synthesized sorbents, such as aluminosilicates. The sorption properties of natural zeolite for phosphate under static and dynamic conditions were investigated. The zeolite on the basis of the coal fly ash of Dobrotvorskaya heat power plant was synthesized and modified. The equilibrium values of adsorption capacity were determined, and the corresponding isotherms were constructed at a temperature of 20° C. The kinetics of adsorption under mechanical mixing conditions was investigated.
The technological chart of wastewater treatment from phosphates by application of exhausted adsorbent in which exchangeabble cations are substituted by the ions of copper, chrome or zinc is projected . The method of regeneration and repeated application of the worked zeolite is offered.
The aim of this work was studying the process of phosphate adsorption on natural and synthesized adsorbents such as aluminosilicates. Sorption properties of natural zeolite concerning phosphates in static and dynamic conditions were investigated. It was found that phosphates were absorbed better in an acidic environment. Zeolites based on fly ashes of Dobrotvir heat power plant were synthesized and modified. The equilibrium values of adsorption capacity were established and the proper isotherms at a temperature 20 °C were built.
The interaction of ε-caprolactone with methacrylic acid has resulted in formation of 6-methacryloylhexanoate which was subsequently converted into the corresponding chloroanhydride via the reaction with phosphorus trichloride. The reaction of chloroanhydride with poly(ethylene glycol) or poly(ethylene glycol) monomethyl ether yielded the corresponding surface active methacrylate monomers. During interaction of the hydroxyl group of poly(ethylene glycol) containing the monomer with the excess of phosphoryl chloride phosphate-containing monomer was synthesized.
The mechanism of phosphates sorption process on clinoptilolite was determined. The significant increase in zeolite sorption capacity was observed while interaction of zeolite and wastewaters with acid reaction. New active centers of zeolite are formed due to disalumination of its surface.