DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF THE OVERHEAD CRANE WITH SIX VERTICAL COLUMNS

This study delves into the comprehensive examination of an overhead crane's construction, focusing on its frame, columns, and beams, while considering factors such as strength, stability, and stiffness. Through an in-depth review in the design domain, it is proposed a specific structural configuration for the overhead crane. This design comprises six vertical columns supporting two longitudinal beams equipped with tracks for the trolley's longitudinal movement. Additionally, cross beams featuring winches are mounted on the trolley's cross beams. The crane's columns are securely mounted on a foundation, and struts are employed to attach the crane to the load-bearing wall of the building, ensuring longitudinal and transverse stability. The inclusion of cross truss structures with longitudinal struts further enhances the crane's overall stiffness, with additional vertical struts provided to augment the left side's longitudinal stiffness.

The study also encompasses the analysis of the crane frame's construction, complete with the development of an appropriate calculation scheme and the computation of static reactions in supports. Further calculations involve determining the cross-sections of vertical columns and longitudinal beams, ensuring compliance with strength, rigidity, and stability requirements. The selected cross-section for the columns, in the form of a square profile pipe (100×100×3 mm), is meticulously chosen to meet these criteria. Simulation modeling of load scenarios on the crane frame elements in SolidWorks software validates their strength, stiffness, and stability.

Mathematical models and calculations provided the optimal parameters and characteristics of each crane component, ensuring a superior level of safety and operational efficiency. These results provide valuable insights for future research in mechanical engineering and the design of industrial mechanisms.

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