The article is devoted to the study of the essence of direct democracy in the context of the implementation of people’s sovereignty. It is substantiated that democracy of participation is one of the most effective and actual types of direct democratic governance in the modern world. The diversity of its institutions makes it possible to participate in the management of the state by every citizen if he has a sufficient level of legal awareness.
This article examines voter eligibility/electoral qualifications as a fundamental part of universal suffrage. The authors use as a basis the typology of electoral qualifications, which provides for their division into 3 major groups: technical, protective and discriminative. In this study, we made a detailed analysis of the electoral limitations belonging to each of these three groups. In particular, among technical qualifications, special attention is paid to the analysis of age, citizenship, capacity, and residency requirements.
The article outlines the main provisions of the Draft Election Code of Ukraine adopted
by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on November 7, 2017, in its first reading. The attention
was paid to the positive provisions of the project and revealed a number of shortcomings.
Possible ways of its improvement are offered, in particular, to simplify the structure of the
code, the form of presentation of individual norms, to improve the definition of the terms in
the project and the date of their definition at the beginning of the code, and so on.
The research is devoted to the consideration of problematic issues of the introduction of a bicameral parliament in Ukraine. It is proposed to form the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine from two chambers: the lower one – the House of Representatives and the upper – the Chamber of Regions, so that the lower chamber consisted of 189 deputies, and the upper chamber – 27 deputies. In total, the parliament would have 216 deputies.
In this article deals the problems of political parties and their financial viability.
Analyzed Ukrainian and international experience of implementation public funding of political
parties. Highlights the general principles of public funding of political parties. Is revealed
weaknesses in the system of public funding of political parties and the ways to improve
The significance of legal awareness in the process of popular sovereignty realization is considered in the article. The notion of national legal awareness as the peculiar form of public conscience is analyzed. It is proved that legal awareness forms the basis of both direct and representative democracy. The influence of legal awareness over the practical usage of direct democracy institutions is determined.
The article dwells on the problem of nomination in Ukraine as an important constituent part of democratic and alternative nature of elections. The authors highlight the issue of nomination as defining a range of subjects which are able to nominate candidates for holding office in authoritative bodies. Evolution of the legal regulation of the issue of nomination subjects in Ukraine is shown based on analysis of the national electoral legislation.
The article analyses a problem of the legal status of election commissions in Ukraine as a condition of their
independence. It dwells on such elements of the legal status of election commissions, as the right to issue regulations binding for both citizens and authorities; permanent nature of commissions at the national level; lack of opportunity for the authorities which form a commission to recall proposed representatives to electoral bodies and others.