reflection

Problem of justification of positive existential judgment

The topic of investigation in the given article is a traditional problem of philosophy: it is a problem of evidence about true reality’s existence out of consciousness and, correspondingly, the true character of positive existential judgments. The author argues that circumstantial epistemological analysis of knowledge as a form of being’s representation to  consciousness allows us to insert new aspects and factors in the philosophical intelligence of given problem.

Knowledge, values and human dignity

The article analyses traditional philosophical topic – the correlation between knowledge and values. Based on this review, not only the author's version of the interpretation of values is provided, but their new division into the “dignitive” and “valuative" values. The main methods of the research are system-structural and comparative ones. The method of phenomenological analysis is used as well.