The paper characterizes currently used vehicles and presents an analysis of fuel consumption of engine cars in the EU in the context of decreasing fuel resources. The article also shows the dependencies describing the resistance forces acting on the vehicle during the drive and the methods for determining the power needed to accelerate and to brake which is possible to recover. In the paper, an analysis of energy consumption of a sample vehicle on two routes of different characteristics is also performed. In the final part of the paper, an analysis of the possibilities of energy recovery during a car drive is presented, and the problems connected with energy storage limitations are discussed on the example of hybrid energy storage.
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