Simulation of Hybrid Solar Collector Operation in Heat Supply System

: pp. 61 – 68
Received: October 15, 2023
Revised: December 14, 2023
Accepted: December 21, 2023

S. Mysak, S. Shapoval, H. Matiko. Simulation of hybrid solar collector operation in heat supply system. Energy Engineering and Control Systems, 2023, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 61 – 68.

Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University

The paper focuses on the investigation and the simulation of the efficiency of a hybrid solar collector in a heat supply system consisting of two separate units, namely a heat storage tank and a flat solar collector, which are interconnected by pipelines. The study includes the analysis and calculation of the thermal parameters of the system for one day and the determination of the optimal values of the flow rate of the heat carrier in the solar collector and the mass of the heat carrier in the heat storage tank to achieve maximum thermal efficiency of the system. The authors use SolidWorks software and additional scripts programmed using Python to simulate the operation of the solar collector and to calculate its thermal efficiency. The results of the study show the high potential of hybrid solar collectors for efficient generation and accumulation of thermal energy both for households and small industries. This paper may be useful for engineers and scientists working in the field of alternative energy sources and energy-efficient systems.

  1. Paris Agreement. United Nations., last accessed on 2023/09/25.
  2. Stec M., Grzebyk M. (2022) Statistical Analysis of the Level of Development of Renewable Energy Sources in the Countries of the European Union. Energies, 15, 1-18.
  3. Cantarero M.M.V. (2020) Of renewable energy, energy democracy, and sustainable development: a roadmap to accelerate the energy transition in developing countries, Energy Res. Social Sci. 70
  4. Mysak Y., Pona O., Shapoval S., Kuznetsova M., Kovalenko T. (2017) Evaluation of energy efficiency of solar roofing using mathematical and experimental research. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 3(8-87), 26-32.
  5. Wisniewski G., Golebiowski M., Gryciuk et. al. (2008) Solar collectors. Solar energy in household, hotel and small business sectors. Warsaw: Medium. 201 p. (in Polish)
  6. Pluta Z. (2007) Solar energy installations. Warsaw University of Technology publ. house. 246 p. (in Polish)
  7. Obstawski P., Bakon T., Czekalski D. (2020) Comparison of solar collector testing methods – theory and practice, Processes, 8, 1-29.
  8. Algarni S. (2023) Evaluation and optimization of the performance and efficiency of a hybrid flat plate solar collector integrated with phase change material and heat sink. Case Studies in Thermal Engineering. 45.
  9. Kuravi S., Trahan J., Goswami D.Y., Rahman M.M., Stefanakos E.K. (2013) Thermal energy storage technologies and systems for concentrating solar power plants. Prog. Energy Combust. Sci., 39 (4), 285–319.
  10. Hassan A., Nikbakht A. M., Fawzia S., Yarlagada P.K.D.V., Karim A. (2023) Transient analysis and techno-economic assessment of thermal energy storage integrated with solar air heater for energy management in drying. Solar Energy, 264
  11. Gautam A., Saini R. (2020) A review on sensible heat based packed bed solar thermal energy storage system for low temperature applications. Solar Energy, 207, 937–956.
  12. Pona O.M., Voznyak O.T. (2014) Efficiency of helio roofing in the gravity system of heat supply. Construction, materials science, mechanical engineering, 76, 231–235. (In Ukrainian)
  13. Shapoval S., Zhelykh V., Venhryn I., Kozak K., Krygul R. (2019) Theoretical and experimental analysis of solar enclosure as part of energy-efficient house. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 2(8-98), 38–45.
  14. Govindasamy D., Kumar A. (2023) Experimental analysis of solar panel efficiency improvement with composite phase change materials. Renewable Energy, 212, 175-184.
  15. Kareem M.W., Habib K., Pasha A.A., Irshad K., Afolabi L.O., Saha B.B. (2022) Experimental study of multi-pass solar air thermal collector system assisted with sensible energy-storing matrix, Energy, 245
  16. Francesconi M., Antonelli M., Desideri U. (2023) Assessment of the optical efficiency in solar collectors: Experimental method for a concentrating solar power. Thermal Science and Engineering Progress, 40
  17. Aitola K., Sonai G. G., Markkanen M., Kaschuk J. J., Hou X., Miettunen K., Lund P. D. (2022) Encapsulation of commercial and emerging solar cells with focus on perovskite solar cells. Solar Energy, 237, 264-283.
  18. Guminilovych R., Shapoval P., Yatchyshyn I., Shapoval S. (2015) Modeling of chemical surface deposition (CSD) of CdS and CdSe semiconductor thin films. Chemistry and Chemical Technology, 9(3), 287-292.
  19. Hamdan M. A., Abdelhafez E., Ahmad R., Aboushi A. R. (2014) Solar Thermal Hybrid Heating System, Conference: Energy Sustainability and Water Resource Management for Food Security in the Arab Middle East, December 2014, Beirut, Lebanon, 1-11.
  20. Abdelhafez E. A., Hamdan M. A., and. Al Aboushi A. R. (2016) Simulation of Solar Thermal Hybrid Heating System Using Neural Artificial Network. Conference: 8th International Ege Energy Symposium and Exhibition (IEESE-8), Afyonkarahisar, Turkey, May 2016, 1-6.
  21. Beckman W.A., Klein S.A., Duffie J.A. (1982) A design procedure for solar heating systems. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 910 p.
  22. Duffie J.A. and Beckman W.A. (2013) Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes. 2nd Edition, Madison, New York; John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken. 910 p.
  23. DSTU-N B V.1.1-27:2010. Building climatology. [effective of 01.11.2011]. - K.: 2011. (in Ukrainian)