Reflection of the activity of landslide processes in the regional gravitational and magnetic fields (on the example of the Transcarpathian region)
Received: April 11, 2021
Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas
Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas, Carpathian Branch of Subbotin Institute of Geophysics of NAS of Ukraine
Ivano-Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas
Ivano- Frankivsk National Technical University of Oil and Gas

Purpose. The aim of the research presented in this article is to analyze the features of the reflection of the damage to the territory of the Transcarpathian region by landslide processes based on the anomalies in the magnetic and gravitational fields, taking into account tectonic zoning. The study is an important stage in predicting the landslide processes and it is aimed at reducing their negative effects on the environment. The relevance of the research is due to the growing intensification of landslides in the Carpathian region of Ukraine.
Methodology. The development of landslides in each structural-tectonic zone is associated with its tectonic structure, and therefore these processes can have different intensity, dynamics, tendencies for further development and distribution area. Lithological-facies composition and bedding conditions of rocks form the physical and mechanical properties of rocks, determining the rate and mechanism of the development of landslides. The spatial confinedness of landslide processes in the fault zones is reflected in the gravitational and magnetic fields. Results. With the help of GIS MapInfo tools, a number of landslides in each tectonic zone, anomalies in the gravitational and magnetic fields, areas affected by landslides, the distance to the fault zones were calculated. The important result of the research is to prove a direct correlation between the spatial distribution of landslides and fault zones, tectonic structure, the lithological composition of rocks, which are reflected in gravimagnetic anomalies. Scientific novelty. The peculiarities of the reflection of the tectonic structure, zones of decompression, fragmentation of rocks and lithological composition in gravimagnetic fields on a regional scale are examined, and their association with landslide processes is evaluated for the first time.
Practical significance. The theoretical substantiation of the peculiarities of the behaviour of gravimagnetic fields in the zones of distribution of landslide processes makes it possible to assess the natural conditions for the formation and development of landslides in a given region. The connection between the impact of the fault zones on landslide processes by their reflection in gravimagnetic fields is established, which can be used in the future for spatial forecasting of the development of landslides in territories with related structural-tectonic conditions.

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