The Paradigms of Learning and Teaching in a Technical University: Axiological Aspect

The category of “learning paradigm”, approaches to the definition of this category, and the main modern paradigms of education (pedagogical, andragogical, acmeological and communicative) are considered in the article. The andragogical paradigm of guided learning and teaching, which is an important methodological basis of a person’s higher education (including technical one) at all the stages of their development is substantiated and its potential is characterized in comparison with other learning paradigms.

Theoretical and methodological approaches to the definition of the concept and the essence of federalism

The theoretical and methodological analysis of approaches to the definition of the concept and essence of federalism is carried out. The content and the system of principles of federalism with the help of modeling, typing, classification and legal and factual interpretation of theoretical and methodological approaches are examined.

Territorial approach to the settlement of ethnopolitical separatist conflicts

Ethno-political separatist conflict is a feature of modern international relations and a potential threat to global security. The number of such conflicts is growing and the danger of their aggravation remains an urgent problem, thus, studing the possibilities of solving them is an important task. The concept of ethno-political separatist conflict integrates two terms of the Western science: “self-determination conflict” and “separatist conflict”.