The regularities of cavitation treatment of food and chemical industries wastewater from organic and biological contaminants in the presence of gases of different nature were studied. The optimal temperature range 313K - 318 K for cavitation wastewater treatment was established. It is shown that the process of cavitation destruction of organic compounds can be described by a first - order kinetic equation.
chemical oxygen demand
Wastewater from human settlements contains a significant amount of organic and biogenic substances. Insufficiently treated wastewater enters surface water and leads to their eutrophication. The usage of microalgae in wastewater treatment has significant advantages in comparison with other methods of removing biogenic substances. Namely: effective and simultaneous removal of nitrogen and phosphorus without reagents management facilities, oxygen formation. Using microalgae in wastewater treatment is a new environmentally friendly biotechnological method.
The effectiveness of wastewaters treatment by means of ultrasonic and vibration response cavitation has been investigated. The application of the vibration and cavitation equipment produces the same effects as in case of ultrasonic cavitation, but it is economically reasonable to use vibration response low-frequency cavitators.