Ensuring the implementation of human and citizen rights and freedoms through the prism of the activities of law enforcement bodies

2023;
: 352-356

Svitlana Soroka, Tetiana Skoropad "Ensuring the implementation of human and citizen rights and freedoms through the prism of the activities of law enforcement bodies".

1
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology
2
Lviv Polytechnic National University

The issue of ensuring the realization of the rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen through the prism of the activities of law enforcement agencies was considered. It was noted that the implementation of one of the main tasks of the state to ensure the rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen, enshrined in the Constitution of Ukraine, is entrusted to the three existing branches of government in the state: legislative, executive and judicial. In addition, in order to solve the problems of socio-political and economic development of modern Ukraine, there is a regulatory and protective influence of the state on citizens with the aim of forming appropriate (legal) conditions for their life activities. For this, the state creates special bodies - these are law enforcement agencies. It is emphasized that the concept of "law enforcement agencies" is very often used in scientific literature, regulatory documents and acts, colloquial speech, etc., but an accurate and clear idea about it has not yet been formed.Scientists do not have a unified approach to this concept, it is not fully contained in legislative acts. Normative legal acts related to the disclosure of the concept of "law enforcement agencies" have been analyzed. It was noted that law enforcement agencies are special state institutions united by their functional purpose. Four main features of law enforcement activity are identified.

The concept of human rights and freedom is defined. It is emphasized that human rights are divided into 4 groups, each group is disclosed. Attention is drawn to the fact that to ensure human rights and freedoms in the activities of law enforcement agencies, there is a mechanism in the form of two subsystems: protection and protection. After analyzing the current legislation, the main areas of activity of law enforcement agencies in the field of ensuring human and citizen rights and freedoms are highlighted. It was concluded that in modern Ukraine, the work of law enforcement agencies is aimed at ensuring the fundamental rights and freedoms of a person and a citizen. Every day, our state becomes one step closer to European standards in the field of citizen security. However, our realities require newer legal approaches in the matter of ensuring fundamental rights and freedoms. For this purpose, appropriate reforms are carried out in the state, the forms and methods of ensuring the rights and freedoms of a person and citizen are improved, the level of legal culture is raised and, what is very important, in the context of the relevant changes, the level of public trust in law enforcement officers is increased.

1. Zabezpechennya prav lyudyny u pravookhoronniy diyalʹnosti [Ensuring human rights in law enforcement activities] (2018): navch. gosibnyk 2018. –2-e vyd. pererob. i dop. / Kol. avt.; za red. d.yu.n., dots. V.O. Bonyak. Dnipro : Dniprop. derzh. un-t vnutr. sprav ; Lira LTD, 2018. 260 p. [in Ukrainian].

2. Hromovenko K., Tytsʹka YA. (2021) Rolʹ pravookhoronnykh orhaniv u zabezpechennya prav lyudyny: teoretyko-pravovyy zakhyst [The role of law enforcement agencies in ensuring human rights: theoretical and legal protection]. Derzhava ta rehiony. Seriya: pravo. 2021. No. 2. P. 120–125. URL: https://doi.org/10.32840/1813-338x-2021.2.19 (data zvernennya: 14.06.2023). [in Ukrainian].

3. Pro derzhavnyy zakhyst pratsivnykiv sudu i pravookhoronnykh orhaniv [On state protection of court employees and law enforcement agencies]. Ofitsiynyy vebportal parlamentu Ukrayiny. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3781-12#Text (data zvernennya: 14.06.2023). [in Ukrainian].

4. Velyka Ukrayinsʹka Entsyklopediya [Great Ukrainian Encyclopedia]. URL: https://vue.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].

5. Lapka O. Pokolinnya prav lyudyny [Generation of human rights]. P. 48–49. URL:http://elar.naiau.kiev.ua/bitstream/123456789/4103/1/%20ZBIRNYK%20TEZ%20... [in Ukrainian].

6. Pcholkin V.D., Fedosova O.V.(2021) Teoretyko-pravovi aspekty zabezpechennya prav i svobod lyudyny [Theoretical and legal aspects of ensuring human rights and freedoms ]. Seriya: Pravo, 2021 r., № 2 (72) 125 y hromadyanyna v diyalʹnosti pravookhoronnykh orhaniv. Pravo i suspilʹstvo. 2012. № 1. P. 8-12. [in Ukrainian].