Characteristics of national security of Ukraine during the period of marital state: goals, challenges and strategy

Mayya PYVOVAR, Alina PANKO "Characteristics of national security of Ukraine during the period of marital state: goals, challenges and strategy".

Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Jurisprudence and Psychology
Lviv Polytechnic National University

Abstract. This scientific article is devoted to the improvement of public administration in the sphere of national security of Ukraine, the corresponding goals, challenges and strategy. The essence of the concept of "national security", its components and influencing factors, as well as the concept of "system of ensuring national security" are systematically analyzed. An analysis of such a strategic document as the National Security Strategy of Ukraine adopted by the Decision of the National Security and Defense Council dated September 14, 2020 and introduced by the Decree of the President of Ukraine dated September 14, 2020, including the intended goals of ensuring national security, was carried out. The article also highlights the challenges that faced the system of state management of national security of Ukraine at the beginning of Russia's military aggression in 2014, but remain relevant today. In general, this article is important for understanding and improving the system of state management of national security of Ukraine in the conditions of modern global challenges and threats. The security and defense sector was analyzed, including the role of the Security Service of Ukraine in the field of security and defense.

Today, some legislative acts do not fully correspond to the current security situation in Ukraine. The National Security Council must constantly update the national security strategy, the set of measures to ensure it, as well as constantly create conditions for increasing the effectiveness of the organizational and legal support of the entire national security and defense system. In this way, it will make it possible to protect the state sovereignty, territorial integrity and national interests of Ukraine, in conditions of war. Every manifestation of Russian aggression makes it obvious that its goal is not just the seizure of Ukrainian territories, but the destruction of national identity and the genocide of the Ukrainian people. Russia officially denies the existence of Ukrainians as a separate nation. At the same time, at the beginning of the invasion, the Kremlin made a bet not only on the army, but also on the intelligence and subversive activities of its special services and sabotage and terrorist work, cyber attacks and the spread of disinformation.

1. Tsyhanov V. P. (2006). Politychna bezpeka i bezpechna polityka: skladovi, oznaky, stan, tendentsiï. [Political security and safe politics: components, signs, state, trends]. Kyiv: Nika Center. 112 p. [in Ukrainian].

2. Pro natsionalnu bezpeku Ukraïny : Zakon Ukraïny vid 21.06.2018 № 2469-VIII. [On the national security of Ukraine: Law of Ukraine] dated June 21, 2018 No. 2469-VIII. Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. URL: (access date: 19.01.2024).

3. Resilient Ukraine – a Delicate Mosaic? Society, Media, Security, and Future Prospects. URL: [in English].

4. Has the state of freedom of speech in Ukraine deteriorated during the full-scale invasion? Op-ed by Zaborona’s Editor-in-Chief Katerina Sergatskova. URL: [in English].

5. Strelkov V. V. (2022) Orhanizatsiy̆no-pravovi zasady zabezpechennia natsionalnoï bezpeky Ukraïny. [Organizational and legal principles of ensuring national security of Ukraine] master's thesis. National Univ. "Ostroh Academy" Ostrog. P. 80. [in Ukrainian].

6. Tsevelov O. Ye. (2017) Vdoskonalennia derzhavnoho reahuvannia na zahrozy natsionalnoi bezpeky Ukrainy u sferi bezpeky derzhavnoho kordonu v umovakh vedennia «hybrydnoi viiny»  [Improving the state response to threats to the national security of Ukraine in the sphere of state border security in the conditions of conducting "hybrid war"] : Investments: practice and experience. No. 16/2017. P. 137-142. [in Ukrainian].

7. Rodyk H. Yu. (2012) Mekhanizmy dyplomatii yak faktor bezsylovoho upravlinnia konfliktamy [Mechanisms of diplomacy as a factor of non-forceful conflict management] Scientific works: a scientific and methodical journal. Politology. Vol. 192. T. 204. Mykolaiv: ChDU named after P. Graves. pp. 127–131. [in Ukrainian].

8. Pro Stratehiiu natsionalnoi bezpeky Ukrainy. [About the National Security Strategy of Ukraine]: Decision of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine dated September 14, 2020: Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 392/2020 dated September 14, 2020 URL: /3922020-35037 (access date: 19.01. 2024).

9. Pro rishennia Rady natsionalnoi bezpeky i oborony Ukrainy vid 30 hrudnia 2021 roku «Pro Stratehiiu zabezpechennia derzhavnoi bezpeky» [On the decision of the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine "On the Strategy for Ensuring State Security"] : Decree of the President of Ukraine No. 56/2022 (access date: 21.04.2024 ).

10. Analiz derzhavnoi polityky u sferi natsionalnoi bezpeky i oborony Ukrainy. [Analysis of state policy in the field of national security and defense of Ukraine]. URL: (access date 02.02.2024).

11. Publichnyi zvit Sluzhby Bezpeky Ukrainy za 2022 rik. [Public report of the Security Service of Ukraine for 2022]. URL: (access date 02.02.2024).

12. Nove opytuvannia Tsentru Razumkova zafiksuvalo pidtrymku hromadianamy Ukrainy Prezydenta, Zbroinykh syl, SBU, prykordonnykiv ta riatuvalnykiv. [A new survey by the Razumkov Center recorded the support of Ukrainian citizens for the President, the Armed Forces, the SBU, border guards and rescuers]. URL: (access date 10.02.2024).

13. Otsinka hromadianamy sytuatsii v kraini ta dii vlady. Dovira do sotsialnykh instytutiv, politykiv, posadovtsiv ta hromadskykh diiachiv (sichen 2024r.) [Citizens' assessment of the situation in the country and the actions of the authorities. Trust in social institutions, politicians, officials and public figures (January 2024). URL: (access date 10.02.2024).