The role of a judge in the conciliation procedure of the parties in the administrative judiciary of Ukraine and EU member states

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Slyvka M., Slyvka V. The role of a judge in the conciliation procedure of the parties in the administrative judiciary of Ukraine and EU member states.

Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
Advocate Attorneys’ Partnership «IM PARTNERS», Candidate of Law

The article analyzes the place and role of the judge in the procedure of conciliation of the parties in the administrative proceedings of Ukraine and the EU Member States. It is established that in Ukraine there is a simple model of the subjective composition of conciliation of the parties in administrative proceedings, which is characterized by certain elements of a relatively complex model of the relevant subject composition (the judge encourages the parties to try to reconcile, but does not provide them with certain options to be considered).

It has been found that in some EU Member States, in which the judge previously took an active part in reconciling the parties to the public-legal dispute, due to a set of socio-legal and political problems (crises of democracy and public power; the urgent need to reform the subjects of public administration; the need to increase the availability of justice), judicial and legal reforms are currently being carried out, which «distance» judges from the relevant procedures, thus ensuring greater democratism of reconciliation and promoting real unloading of ships. France is an illustrative example of a country with reforms mentioned hereof.

It is established that today the judge in the reconciliation procedure appears as: 

1) «relatively active conciliator»;

2) the subject of judicial control over compliance with the law in the reconciliation procedure;

3) legalizer of the conditions of reconciliation. This feature of the role of the judge in the conciliation of the parties to a public law dispute is derived from the power to exercise judicial control in conciliation. In practice, it is manifested in the fact that the conditions of conciliation of the parties to a public law dispute, which they set out in the statement of conciliation, acquire legal significance for them (create real legal obligations for the parties, which they must comply) only after the judge will approve them.

It is emphasized that the role of the judge in conciliation of the parties to the dispute in administrative proceedings is currently difficult to underestimate even in those EU member states where the judge is no longer obliged to perform a «conciliation mission» and therefore is not an «active conciliator». In Ukraine, the role of a judge in conciliation is manifested in his indifference to the parties to the dispute, whom he periodically calls to try to reconcile, as well as in monitoring the results of conciliation and their legalization when they meet the requirements of the CoAP of Ukraine.

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