Residential architecture has one of the most conservative styles based on its specifics. However, today this type of architecture seeks to actively respond to changes in the modern world. These changes are caused by multiple factors, among them are: technological and information progress; lack of resources and environmental pollution; military conflicts and population migration etc.
The purpose of this article is to summarize the experience of the Department of Architectural Environment of Lviv Polytechnic National University over housing issues and outline the methodological principles of innovation in designing both individual houses and the architectural environment of residential formations.
While writing this article, we analyzed the 15-year experience of Architectural Environment's Department diploma projects. The unique feature of these projects is the priority on the design of the environment. The evolution of diploma project topics is revealed on multiple distinctive examples such as the reconstruction of old buildings in Lviv and the construction of prefabricated homes and container-type housing. Futuristic settlements are represented in projects such as “The Ocean Settlements” and “Prykarpatsk - the City of Future”. Research projects were developed to study current trends in housing design and the impact of innovative technologies on planning decisions. These projects discoursed the protection of housing from traffic noise and issues related to environmental preservation. Innovative architectural ideas of future housing, developed by students in these projects, are based on a combination of aesthetic, technical, and social components of architecture.
The conclusion indicates that when educating future architects, it is important to teach them the basics of the craft, as well as the ability to defend their innovative ideas. The emphasis is placed on the importance of educating the architect's personal responsibility for their own design solutions. It is stated that professional motivation and the ability to constantly renew previously acquired knowledge and skills will be among the main tasks in training future architects.
Hnes I. P. 2004. Problems and prospects of new construction in areas of mass housing construction 60 - 70's of the 20th century. Visnyk LPNU. Architecture. 505. P. 261-264.
Hnes I. P. 2013. Apartment housing: evolutionary trends: a monograph.Lviv: Publisher Lviv Polytechnic.
Dzhyhil Yu. Ye.1985. Noise-proof residential houses for construction along of the city highways.Dissertation abstract. Moscow: Publisher CCRITЕC of dwellings.
Dzhyhil Yu. Ye. 2018. Profiles of competency in architectural preparations: experience and perspectives. Visnyk LPNU. Architecture. 895. P. 38-41. Available at: <https://blog.liga.net/user/fityo/article/34893>. [Date of reference: 12 October 2020].
Project No. 530197-TEMPUS-1-2012-1-IT-TEMPUS-JPCR, 2012-2015. Architecture and Sustainable Development Based on Eco-Humanistic Principles & Advanced Technologies without Losing Identity.
Fit'o A., Proskuryakov V. 2019. Agglomeration of Prykarpatsk: prospects for the future for Lviv and Drohobych regions. [Online] LIGA.net. Available at: <https://blog.liga.net/user/fityo/article/34893>. [Date of reference: 12 October 2020].
Cherkes B. S., Linda S. M. 2010. Modern architecture. The last third of the XX - early XXI centuries: a textbook. Lviv : Vy'd-vo L'vivs'koyi politexniky.