Scenography is a special kind of fine art and a visual aspect of a theatrical spectacle. Its task is to form the space of the stage with the help of plastic, painting and light-colour effects, which are inextricably linked with each other and theatrical action. In a theatrical performance, it is a way to immerse the spectator in something special - the atmosphere conceived by the director, created by the theatrical artist, director of light and actors.
The purpose of the publication is to try to reveal the role of light and colour in the stage decisions of Yevhen Lysyk, to establish how these means formed a unique painting style of the artist, which turned his scenography into an independent component of opera and ballet performances.
For the scenography of Y. Lysyk, a characteristic method is the use of optical illusions. He uses architectural and light-coloured optical illusions as a means of enhancing the perception of forms and space of scenography. Such optical illusions include the law of light irradiation, illusions of magnification of vertically arranged elements in comparison with horizontal ones, colour contrasts, subjective perception of colours (chromatic stereoscopy), etc. His stage solutions differ in their colour scheme. In most performances, the artist's scenography dominates the structure of theatrical action. The play of colour contrasts and bright spots on the huge monumental canvases causes the audience a reflexive desire to open their eyes, thereby sharpening the hearing and "turns on" the imagination. The subjective tendency to colour testifies to the inner world of the artist and at the same time to the way of his thinking, the peculiarities of his creative manner.
The following research methods were used: visual, comparative, philosophical, artistic, stylistic and iconographic. Analysis of individual stage solutions Y. Lysyk allowed us to draw a theoretical conclusion: light and colour play an important role in shaping the creative concept of an outstanding theatrical artist, and contribute to the formation of his unique style and manner of performing artistic and monumental stage solutions. The theoretical assumption is made that their integral performance, in the context of composition, perspective system, proportions, ways of using light and colour approaches the basic principles of construction in iconographic images of the Christian tradition.
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