: 98-104
Lviv Polytechnic National University

The article examines modern trends towards densification of urban development with commercial facilities without a social component. Special attention is paid to the irrationality of the territory using during the functional planning of modern cities' public centers, which leads to medical, educational, and social institutions shortage. On the basis of conducted research, a number of commercial objects that do not require insolation and daylight exposure have been identified, and it is reasonable to direct, by planning means, their construction in the underground part of the city space. By creating legislative mechanisms, encourage developers to invest funds in construction below the ground level, so above the ground on the plot there is a room for placing social infrastructure objects that require insolation. In turn, by introducing this trend, in addition to saving ground space for social infrastructure facilities, city will receive a developed network of bomb shelters with all the necessary communications, which will be constantly maintained in good condition at the expense of commercial structures. And therefore, the state will need less expenses for the construction and maintenance of distinct bomb shelters, which are so necessary today.

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