: 165-175
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Department of architecture and conservation, Lviv Polytechnic National University

The article is dedicated to exploring the principles and ideas utilized by Calatrava in designing the Church of St. Nicholas. It examines the historical context and its impact on the environment. Through the analysis of historical sources, the article unfolds the process of development and decline of the sacred structure in New York and its subsequent revival after the tragedy of September 11, 2001.

In the initial stage, a temple was established by the Greek diaspora, which played a crucial role in supporting cultural traditions, education, and the preservation of language and rituals. Subsequently, the preservation of diaspora relics and the adaptation of the structure to the community's evolving needs were discussed. Additionally, the article considers the influence of the surroundings on the building and its perception.

Important insights are provided into how the September 11 tragedy impacted the building itself and the surrounding environment, reshaping the understanding of the sacred structure. Furthermore, the article discusses the restoration with a departure from complete imitation of the form and function of the previous structure, drawing on historical context.