Classic Understanding of a Human Being and Its Significance in the Epoch of Different "Posts" (Review of Viktor Petrushenko’s Monograph “A Human Being Who is Searching for Being (Three Talks on the Main Things) ” , Lviv: Publishing House Magnolia, 2019.)

: 84-86
Received: March 09, 2019
Accepted: March 20, 2019
Lviv National Polytechnic University

In the reviewed monograph refers to a personality as a sensible and intelligent being, of his knowledge and values, of freedom and consciousness, which are manifestations of the aspiration of a personality towards being. The main way of human existence in the world is to be a personality. Today, there is a danger of levelling the personal beginning of human existence, when the science of man is increasingly naturalized, neurolyzed and computerized. Such a levelling leads to post-humanism and post-humanity. It is on one side. On the other side, the truth is also one of the determinants of being a personality. The truth ennobles personality. But, today no one no longer mentions the truth; talking about the post-truth, which, in fact, is a lie. To live in a lie, to confuse lies with the truth, to spread false information – all this becomes the norm in the world of post-truth. Freedom, knowledge, truth, consciousness are aspects of a personal being; if they are levelled, then the person loses the horizon of being, loses the leading intention of his own being – the intention that directed her or his to it. The author of the monograph calls for a return to a person to re-discover his or her existence, which opens to a human being as an individual. In the monograph, the author reveals the content of the classical understanding of a human being, which lost its significance in the post-classic era. The Petrushenko’s monograph is a good introduction into classical philosophical anthropology, principles of which is forgotten at this time.

Petrushenko, V. (2019). A Human Being Who Is Seeking For Being (Three Conversations on the Important Issues). [In Russian]. Lvov: “Magnolia 2006”.

Schulz, B. (2012). The Book of Letters. [In Ukrainian]. Kyiv: DUKH and LITERA.