Some Existential Reflections on Self-Determination in the Conditions of the War. (Review Article)

         Although any war is a "continuation of politics by other means" (Karl von Clausewitz), the article examines the ongoing russian-Ukrainian war from the point of view of existentialist philosophy as a philosophy of human crises. The Russian-Ukrainian war actualizes the forgotten existentialist ideas of choice, situation, freedom, duty, responsibility in the context of individual and collective self-determination.

Values of human rights and freedoms in the realization of human dignity

Human freedom has been evolving over the centuries, so it is quite ambiguous and does not stand still, and is still a topical issue for many scientists. There are many different divisions and definitions of freedom, and each is somewhat interesting and relevant. But freedom is the value of man, which is given to him by God and through which man can act of his own free will, without succumbing to circumstances. The value of rights and freedoms is currently a very relevant topic, as most of our rights and freedoms are limited due to certain material and spiritual values.

Ethical standards and human freedom in law: an integrative aspect

The special features of the integrative aspect of ethical standards and human freedom in law are revealed due to the fact that harmony in law is manifested through the principle of coordination of actions between different elements and structural subdivisions forming the social system, which enables to acquire ethical knowledge of ethical principles and standards from ethical codes that are sources of information about public values. Freedom is emphasized as an intrinsic emotional quality of a person.

The civil society as a philosophical and legal category: approaches to understanding

The article identifies the main approaches to understanding civil society as a philosophical and legal category, which allowed to show pluralism of this definition. The author analyzes the conceptual foundations of civil society in the history of philosophical and  legal discourse. It is substantiated that the invariant content of the concept of civil society remained the ideas of freedom, equality, justice, social values and virtues. It is emphasized that modern civil society is a guarantee of democratization and needs proper legal support in the context of globalization challenges.

Philosophical and legal concept of the defense "civil society": modern scientific approaches

On  the  basis  of  the  latest  scientific  research,  the  philosophical  and  legal  concept  of  the 
definition  of  «civil  society»  is  thoroughly  analyzed,  Modern  approaches  to  understanding  the 
concept  are  systematized.  There  searchis  based  on  the  scholarly  views  of  prominent 
philosophers,  as  well  as  the  author’s  own  approach  and  conclusions  about  there  search 
The  research  is  based  on  the  scientific  views  of  significant  philosophers,  as  well  as  the 

Concept of human rights in the philosophy and legal discussion of antitetic positions

Theoretical understanding and philosophical comprehension of all legal phenomena
began with the traditional division of the right to positive and natural, so they are considered
as certain antipodes in the general consciousness, which, however, are the most practical and
significant types of legal thinking. We managed to trace the fact that it was the intensive
development of humanistic ideas in the context of new political and economic trends that led to
the emergence of the doctrine of “natural human rights”. Increasingly, among the general

Classic Understanding of a Human Being and Its Significance in the Epoch of Different "Posts" (Review of Viktor Petrushenko’s Monograph “A Human Being Who is Searching for Being (Three Talks on the Main Things) ” , Lviv: Publishing House Magnolia, 2019.)

In the reviewed monograph refers to a personality as a sensible and intelligent being, of his knowledge and values, of freedom and consciousness, which are manifestations of the aspiration of a personality towards being. The main way of human existence in the world is to be a personality. Today, there is a danger of levelling the personal beginning of human existence, when the science of man is increasingly naturalized, neurolyzed and computerized. Such a levelling leads to post-humanism and post-humanity. It is on one side.

Philosophical-linquistic aspects of internet-communication (Review Article)

The current state and language features of Internet communication are examined. It is found out that in the new communication environment, not only traditional communication is presented, but fundamentally new forms are formed. Hence, such notions as “metalanguage” and “new speech” are emerging. A new style (Internet communication style) is formed, which is characterized by: 1) written pronunciation; 2) hyperintertextuality; 3) fixed spokenness; 4) spontaneity. New forms of communication are growing in popularity and clearly distinguishconvenient communication options.

Civil society and its legal values in a democratic transformation: experience of Ukraine

This article explores the concept of legal values of civil society and its relationship with the legal consciousness of citizens and the democratic transformation. Such basic legal values as freedom, equality, justice, private property, protection of rights and freedoms of man and citizen are characterized. It analyzed the need for a clearly developed and rationalized democratic ideology as the foundation for the further development of legal values of civil society in Ukraine is analyzed.