: 45 - 52
Lviv Polytechnic National University
Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка

The use of social networks as an information source in journalistic work is considered. Recently, sites such as Facebook, Twitter or Instagram have become part of the traditional sources for journalists to obtain material about current events, the public’s assessments and opinions, government activity, etc. At present, social networks are integrated into the ordinary professional practice of collecting news and facts, which means including them into the structure of sources for journalistic work. The modern media rely on them to meet the ever-increasing demand for information, as well as to benefit their advantages like convenience, efficiency, ubiquity and popularity.

Considerable attention is paid to the journalists’ use of material from official pages of statebodies and government officials’ personal accounts on social networks. As the authorities have the powers and resources and determine the ways of development of the state and society, they are one of the key communicators influencing the formation of the media agenda. Therefore, their engagement on social platforms provides journalists with the access to socially important information.

Social networks, due to their usual bidirectional communication, can also help establish and maintain contacts with people and structures – organizers, participants or witnesses of events. Moreover, it is also an opportunity to learn about many different views, get starting ideas and tips from users for forthcoming publications and topics.

Collecting information from social networks is directly related to the main identifying characteristics of the journalistic profession and compliance with the basic journalistic standards: objectivity, reliability, unbiasedness, and balance. Without exaggerating the importance of social platforms in the journalistic context, it should be noted, however, that they expand opportunities for the profession. Proper use of social networks helps journalists to create quality content; they are a relatively new tool for traditional journalism, which is to inform about events of socio-political and other spheres of state and society’s life.

  1. Tolokolnikova, K. (2020). Sotsmerezhi davno staly dzherelom informatsii. Shcho robyty ZMI? [Social networks have long been a source of information. What should the media do?]. Retrieved November 22, 2020, from [in Ukrainian]. 
  2. ІМІ. (2019). Informatsii iz sotsmerezh bilshaie, a faktchekinh ne posyliuietsia [Information from social networks is increasing, but factchecking is not intensifying]. Retrieved November 12, 2020, from [in Ukrainian]. 
  3. Holub, O. (2016). Saity sotsmerezh yak dzherelo informatsii [Social networking sites as a source of information]. Retrieved November 1, 2020, from [in Ukrainian]. 
  4. Cision. 2017. Global Social Journalism Study. Retrieved November 14, 2020, from
  5. Heravi, B. Irish Journalists among world's heaviest social media users, study finds. Retrieved September 20, 2020, from
  6. Gulyas, A. (2017). Hybridity and social media adoption by journalists. Digital Journalism, 5(7), 884-902. 
  7. Broersma, M., Graham, T. (2013). Twitter as a news source. Journalism Practice, 7(4), 446-464.
  8. Paulussen, S., Harder, R. A. (2014) Social media references in newspapers. Facebook, Twitter and YouTube as sources in newspaper journalism. Journalism Practice, 8(5), 542-551.
  9. Skärlund, S. (2020). The Recycling of news in Swedish newspapers. Nordicom Review, 2020. № 41(1). С. 69-84.
  10. Brandtzaeg, P. B., Chaparro Domínguez, M. A. (2018). A Gap in networked publics? A comparison of younger and older journalists' newsgathering practices on social media. Nordicom Review, 39(1), 95-109.
  11. Romanchuk, O. K. (2016). Sotsialna informatyka [Social Informatics]. Lviv : Universum, 224 p. [in Ukrainian]. 
  12. armatiy, O. V. (2016). Sotsialni merezhi v systemi derzhavnykh komunikatsij [Social Networks in the System of Government Communications]. Naukovi Zapysky [Scientific Papers],1(52), 240-247 [in Ukrainian]. 
  13. Frolova, N. V. (2019). Osoblyvosti vykorystannia sotsialnykh merezh u diialnosti orhaniv publichnoi vlady [Features of social networks using in public authorities]. Publichne administruvannia: Teoriia ta praktyka [Public administration: Theory and practice], 1(21), 1-15 [in Ukrainian].
  14. Bernhard, U., Dohle, M. (2015). Local politics online: The influence of presumed influence on local politicians' online communication activities in Germany. Local Government Studies, 41(5), 755-773.
  15. Нarmatiy, O. (2015). Interaktyvnist derzhavnykh komunikatsij: elektronna skladova [Interactivity of government communications: electronic constituent]. Science and Education a New Dimension. Humanities and Social Sciences, III(9)(53), 38-42 [in Ukrainian].
  16. ІМІ. (2018). Sotsmerezhi: novi pravyla vykorystannia v zhurnalistskykh materialakh. Rekomendatsii vid IMI [Social networks: new rules of use in journalistic materials. Recommendations from IMI]. Retrieved October 11, 2020, from [in Ukrainian]. 
  17. Соціальні мережі: витягнути штекер - це не відповідь. [Social networks: to turn the plug off is not the answer]. Retrieved January 12, 2021, from [in Ukrainian]. 
  18. In four years, President Trump made 30,573 false or misleading claims. Retrieved January 20, 2021, from handbook: A definitive guide to verifying digital content for emergency coverage. Retrieved October 10, 2020, from
  19. Wheatley, D. (2020). Victims and voices: journalistic sourcing practices and the use of private citizens in online healthcare-system news. Journalism Studies, 21(8), 1017-1036.