Development of Customs Infrastructure on the Ukrainian-Polish Border in the Conditions of Business Internationalization

: pp. 140 - 148
Lviv Politechnic National University
Lviv Polytechnic National University

The relations between Ukraine and Poland represent a long history of partnership and have a great economic importance for both countries. At the present stage, Poland is one of the largest international trade partners of our country. In the history of Ukraine’s foreign trade during 2019— 2020, Poland occupied second place in the structure of domestic exports. Thus, in 2020 the share of exports of Ukrainian goods to Poland was 6.65 %. First of all, it means a change in the vector of foreign trade development for the national economy and the reorientation of Ukraine’s export market to the European Union. In 2020, Poland also occupied one of the leading positions in the structure of Ukrainian imports of goods (4th place with a share of 7.62 %). This situation leads to a significant increase in the load at checkpoints and causes the need to ensure prompt and efficient customs clearance of goods moving across the Ukrainian-Polish border.
On the basis of the performed researches, significant differences in the levels of development of the customs services of Poland and Ukraine in terms of the quality of customs services have been established, as Ukraine lags far behind Poland in all the studied indicators in this area. Such situation requires the improvement of the work of Ukrainian customs authorities in the context of business internationalization, including the development of customs infrastructure in the area of the Ukrainian-Polish border. The key problems of customs service of enterprises at domestic checkpoints include long and costly customs procedures, lack of proper technical, road, information infrastructure at checkpoints, outdated technical instruments of customs control, etc.
It is proved that in the conditions of business internationalization one of the key tasks should be the construction of new checkpoints and the development of the customs infrastructure of the existing checkpoints. The key strategically important checkpoints in the area of the Ukrainian-Polish border, which need to be modernized in order to increase their capacity, include road checkpoints «Korchova- Krakivets», «Dorokhusk-Yagodyn», «Medyka-Shehyni», as well as a railway checkpoint «Medyka- Mostyska». In addition, the importance of spreading the practice of construction of joint checkpoints, which allows to significantly speed up the process of customs services for businesses, was emphasized.

  1. State Statistics Service of Ukraine (2021) Official website. URL:
  2. The World Bank (2020) Official website of Doing Business. URL: en/doingbusiness
  3. The World Bank (2018) Official website of Logistics Performance Index. URL:
  4. The World Economic Forum and the Global Alliance (2016) The Global Enabling Trade Report 2016. URL:
  5. Polish Border Guard Headquarters (2020) Official website. URL:
  6. The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine (2021) Rozporiadzhennia “Pro zatverdzhennia planu zakhodiv z oblashtuvannia priorytetnykh punktiv propusku na 2021–2023 roky” [Order “On approval of the action plan for the construction of priority checkpoints for 2021–2023”]. URL: planu-zahodiv-z-a246r
  7. Analitychnyi portal  “Slovo i dilo”  (2021) “Punkty propusku na kordoni:  skilky vydiliat  koshtiv na oblashtuvannia i de pobuduiut novi” [“Checkpoints at the border: how much money will be allocated for installation and where new ones will be built”]. URL:
  8. National Revenue Administration of Poland (2020) Official website. URL:
  9. Sejm of the Republic of Poland (2017) Odpowiedź na interpelację nr 8687w sprawie przejść granicznych z Ukrainą [Response to interpellation No. 8687 on border crossings with Ukraine]. URL: Sejm8.nsf/InterpelacjaTresc.xsp?key=12B8D806.
  10. Suspilne Novyny (2021) “V Ukraini mozhe ziavytys avtoban Krakovets – Brody – Rivne. Shmyhal nazvav umovy” [“The Krakovets-Brody-Rivne autobahn may appear in Ukraine. Shmyhal said the conditions”]. URL:
  11.  (2021)  “Polshcha  i  Ukraina  rozbuduiut  PP  Yahodyn-Dorohusk  do  yevropeiskykh standartiv”   [“Poland   and   Ukraine   will   build   CP   Yahodyn-Dorogusk   to   European   standards”].   URL: standartiv-89304