The article is devoted to the current problems of housing reconstruction in Ukraine, as well as ways to solve them. The article highlights domestic and foreign experiences in the redevelopment of existing apartments and reconstruction of historical buildings with or without superstructure of attics or additional floors.
The central part of Lviv was formed over several centuries and in several stages. Favourable demographic, economic and political prerequisites in the XIX-XX centuries positively influenced the quantitative and qualitative state of urban homes. Demolition of defensive walls, the formation of a new citywide centre, measures to improve the central part of the city, regulate the street network, and increase the population are the main factors that underlie the planning and development of the city. The city was actively built up. Most of the houses were profitable.
The article highlights the methodological aspects of the architect's work in the historical environment, reveals current trends and processes of transformation of the architectural and urban planning structure of historical cities. The main approaches to their reproduction and transformation are considered and analyzed. The concept of the central part of the historical city and the method of localization of its borders are revealed. The main requirements for the reproduction and development of buildings in the central part of historical cities are highlighted.
The article is devoted to the regulation of the stress-strain state in the compressed elements of steel frames under full operating load. It is proposed to perform reinforcement of such elements with different end eccentricities of load application by rational regulation of the stress-strain state in the reinforcement elements. It is shown that the use of SDS adjustment for frame racks increases their bearing capacity and reduces deformability and welds. The new proposed technology of SDS regulation and possible constructive decisions are offered.
The article reveals the history of the restoration activity formation on the example of the
castle ruins restoration in Ukraine and Europe during the 19th-20th centuries.
Castles have been constantly transforming since their foundation. Each subsequent
owner of the castle strengthened it, restored it after its destruction, made changes to the building
architecture. And in the 19th century, an understanding of the value of such architectural objects
was developed, and various methods for their preservation began to be proposed. Stylistic
The goal of the research is to develop the guidelines for increasing the capacity of the operating 300 MW power-generating units by using the allowances assumed at the design computations and manufacture of the power-generating equipment, while preserving its reliability criteria and performance efficiency. The capacity of the operating power-generating units is increased in three stages.
The article deals with the issue of the lost heritage of the Eastern Christian culture of the city of Przemyśl. Being in the area of intense Latin religious expansion, the city underwent numerous transformations and changes, which led to the loss of almost the entire authentic layer relating to the most ancient and Rus` periods in its history.
H. O. Hnat (20001)The article deals with the issues of adapting premises in the attic of the main building of the Lviv Polytechnic National University for educational and office purposes, in order to increase the number of lecture rooms in the Institute of Architecture and to improve educational process.
By using the examples of large – scale inspections of metallic bridges the defects and damaqes of elements, the degradation of structural materials are shown. The examples of structure imperfection, tipical defects, operation drawbacks are illustrated. Construction defects are the most numerous and can significantly affect the operational reliability and durability of the surveyed bridges. Basically it is: departure from the project, use of substandard materials and violation of production technology; their share accounts for 55% of the surveyed bridges.
By using the examples of large – scale inspections of iron – concrete bridges the defects and damaqes of elements, the degradation of structural materials are shown. The examples of structure imperfection, tipical defects, operation drawbacks are illustrated. Construction defects are the most numerous and can significantly affect the operational reliability and durability of the surveyed bridges. Basically it is: departure from the project, use of substandard materials and violation of production technology; their share accounts for 55 % of the surveyed bridges.