PROBABLE APPEARANCE OF THE ANCIENT RUS TRANSFORMATION CHURCH IN THE VILLAGE OF SPAS ACCORDING TO KNOWN ARCHIVE, ICONOGRAPHIC AND HYPOTHETICAL MATERIALS

SA.
2024;
: 183-189
Authors:
1
Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of Design and Fundamentals of Architecture

The currently available materials are outlined and systematized, which can serve as the basis for a proposal to reproduce the original appearance of the now defunct Church of the Transfiguration in the village. Spas in the Sambir region, which are divided into historiographical, hypothetical and reflective. Value levels of the mentioned materials were determined based on the method of mutual agreement. Repetitive data on the architectural features of the building are considered more reliable. Further, this method was developed in the first stage of crystallization of the reproduction concept - a critical analysis of available materials. The next stage was the selection of data for reproduction, which is divided into historiographic, interpolation and architectural data. In particular, the peculiarities of the light context of the creation of the monument are emphasized, which falls on the day of the spread of Eastern Christian mystical practices related to the concept of Hesyham. Therefore, attention was paid to the experience of the contemporaneous sacred construction of the Byzantine area. On the basis of the preparatory works carried out above for the complex scientific analysis of the available materials, a proposal was determined for the reproduction of the appearance of the primary building of the Transfiguration temple in the village. Spas in Sambir region. The following characteristic features have been determined for it: brick masonry with stone inserts and a stone foundation, the presence of a central recess on each of the facades, and the absence of lateral recesses. Double windows in the central spans, four windows in the cupola, etc.