Catalytic oxidation of tert-butyl alcohol to methacrolein

Oxidation of tert-butyl alcohol (TBA) to methacrolein (МA) over Fe-Te-Mo-Ox catalyst (Cat), promoted by Ca(NO3)2 has been investigated. Promoter concentration, which was optimal by the МA yield, has been established (Ca/Mo = 0.05). Using catalyst of such type the MA yield was 87.1 % (calculated for supplied TBA) at the temperature of 663 K, process time of 2.5 s and TBA concentration of 7.0 % with concentration of water vapour in the air of 20 %. Under mentioned conditions TBA conversion was 100 %, isobutylene conversion – 95.5 %, selectivity by MA was 87.6 % and by CO2 – 2.4 %.

The studies of complex formation of metal borides in the reaction system of epoxidation of 1-octene with tert-butyl hydroperoxide by IR spectroscopy

The complex formation of molybdenum and vanadium borides in the reaction system of 1-octene epoxidation with tert-butyl hydroperoxide by infrared spectroscopic analysis was studied. It was shown that 1-octene formed complex with metal moiety in a case of molybdenum boride and with boron moiety in a case of vanadium boride.

The use of isobutyl alcohol for methacrylate synthesis

Methyl methacrylates synthesis via oxidative conversion of isobutyl alcohol has been investigated in accordance with different schemes. The possibility of its use as an alternative raw material instead of isobutylene and tert-butyl alcohol has been established. Using the scheme isobutyl alcohol  methacrylonitrile  methyl methacrylate the product with ultimate yield of 64.8 % has been obtained. Taking into consideration the recirculation of unreacted methacrolein the yield is 81.9 %. This scheme may be recommended for industrial application.

Chemical Modification of Dianic Epoxy Resin by Fluorine-Containing Alcohols

New epoxy resins with fluorine atoms have been synthesized via chemical modification of dianic epoxy resin with fluorine-containing alhocols-telomers C7, C9 and C13, using benzyltriethylammonium chloride and KOH as a catalyst system. Their characteristics have been examined. The structure of synthesized products has been confirmed by IR-spectroscopy. It has been shown that new epoxy resins may be used as active plasticizers for industrial epoxy resin.

Effect of Barium Salts on Physico-Chemical and Catalytic Properties of Fe-Te-Mo-Ox catalyst for Oxidative Amonolysis of Isobutyl Alcohol

The effect of barium salts (nitrate, sulphate, chloride) on the physico-chemical and catalytic properties of Fe:Te:Mo (1:0.85:1) oxide catalyst has been determined for oxidative amonolysis of isobutyl alcohol (IBA) to methacrylonitrile (MAN). The catalyst doped with BaCl2 (Ba/Mo = 0.1) was found to be the best catalyst relatively to the MAN yield. It has been shown that the promotors increase the catalyst specific surface and affect catalyst surface acidity improving the catalyst efficiency.

Technological Aspects of Dicarboxylic Acids Esterification in the Presence of Aprotic Catalysts

The investigation results of the regularities of diesters of aliphatic dicarboxylic acids obtained in the presence of aprotic catalysts – Lewis acids – have been generalized. The effect of catalysts (metal salts) nature and concentrations, reagents nature and ratio, water content in them, as well as the influence of reaction temperature on the technological characteristics of esterification process have been determined. The technological aspects of the process have been examined in the presence of aprotic acids. The investigated catalysts may be reused in the technological process

Chemical Modification of ED-24 Epoxy Resin by Adipic Acid

The possibility of epoxy resin carboxy-containing derivative (CDER) obtaining has been studied on the basis of dianic epoxy resin ED-24 and adipic acid (AA). The synthesized CDER contains epoxy and carboxy groups at the same time. Used catalysts were benzyltriethylammonium chloride (BTEACh); 1,4-diazobicyclo[2,2,2]octane; N,N-dimethylaminopyridine; 18-Crown-6, potassium hydroxide, triethylamine and 18-Crown-6+ZnCl2 catalytic system. The effect of the catalyst nature and amount, reagents ratio, process temperature and time on the reaction proceeding between ED-24 and AA has been determined.

Catalysis of Ethylene Oxychlorination into 1,2-Dichlorethane in the Presence of CuCl2/CuCl Active Centres on the Surface of -Al2O3

The structure of CuCl2, CuCl catalyst active centres on the surface of γ-Al2O3 has been investigated on the basis of X-ray diffraction analysis. The influence of the catalyst structure on the mechanism of ethylene oxidative chlorination has been determined. Using mass spectroscopy the difference in the structure of active centers and the mechanism of the deposited and impregnated types of CuCl2, CuCl/γ-Al2O3 catalysts in the process of ethylene oxidative chlorination into 1,2-dichlorethane has been studied.

Ultrasonic Activation of the Catalysts of Ethylbenzene Dehydration to Styrene

The ultrasonic treatment of Fe2-Bi-Mo2-Ox catalyst of ethylbenzene oxidative dehydration to styrene has been studied. Its physico-chemical properties have been compared with those of non-activated catalyst before and after operation. It has been shown that the catalyst prepared from salts solution activated by ultrasound has better activity and increases styrene yield under the same conditions.